Monkey adaptations include their anatomy, behavior and use of tools. Specific adaptations depend on the species. For instance, capuchin monkeys, common chimpanzees, bonobos and orangutans all use tools. Chimpanzees use sticks to probe termites and scoop honey for food; they use rocks to crack nuts.
Many types of monkeys, especially those in the New World, have prehensile tails. They are able to use this tail almost as another hand, which helps them climb and find food. Some monkeys, such as capuchins, hang from their tails while eating. The hands themselves are hook-like, allowing them to swing from branch to branch. Howler monkeys have developed large vocal cords which allow the males to announce their presence, thereby protecting their habitats from encroaching rival monkeys. Squirrel monkeys secrete a musk through their fur to mark their territory. They've also developed short, powerful thighs that help them leap from tree to tree.
A behavioral adaptation of monkeys is their habit of living in societies. This allows the young and old to have close associations and care for each other. Generally all the monkeys within their group have a role that helps the group survive. For example, older monkeys teach survival skills to the young, ensuring that they are ready to manage their environment when they grow up. Working as a group also allows them to avoid or intimidate predators.Learn More
Chimpanzees are highly intelligent mammals that can learn how to use tools, such as twigs, leaves and blades of grass to extract food and water. They also construct nests made of leaves and branches on tops of trees to avoid predators at night.Full Answer >
Behavioral adaptations that giant pandas exhibit due to their diet include moving slowly to conserve energy and spending most of their time feeding. Additionally, instead of hibernating like other bear species, pandas move to lower, warmer altitudes in winter.Full Answer >
Baboons are classified as omnivores, which means they eat both plants and animals. This animal eats grass and seeds as well as fish, birds and insects.Full Answer >
A silverback gorilla, as the alpha male of his troop, would likely be able to kill a leopard in a straight-on confrontation due to its incredible physical strength, weight advantage and powerful bite. Leopards, however, are believed to occasionally prey on gorillas based on remains from their droppings.Full Answer >