Frog adaptations include specialized legs, feet, skin, eyes and body shape. Frogs primarily live in water, so many of their adaptations enhance their ability to live effectively in an aquatic environment.Know More
Frogs have long and powerful legs that allow them to jump and swim for long distances. They also have webbed feet that act as fins to aid in swimming. The shape of the frog's body is streamlined, with a slim body, no neck and a broad head, which allows it to propel itself through water more smoothly.
Frog skin is also adapted for aquatic life. The skin is thin and allows for cutaneous respiration, which means that a frog is able to absorb oxygen through its skin. The skin is also osmotic, allowing for the passage of water in and out. Because the skin is thin, it is also susceptible to becoming dried out. Therefore, frogs produce mucous that keeps the skin moist.
Frog eyes are large and round, sitting on top of the head. This positioning allows the frog to keep most of its body beneath the water while still maintaining a wide range of vision. The placement of the eyes also allows the frog to look around for predators and prey without moving its head. Frogs are able to see particularly well in dim conditions, including underwater.Learn more in Frogs
The distance a frog can jump varies by species. Frogs jump horizontally, not vertically. North American Bullfrogs jump a distance of 3 to 7 feet at a time. Some frogs jump a distance of more than ten times their length.Full Answer >
Like most amphibians, frogs move around by walking or running, but most frogs will hop or leap as much as 30 times the length of their own bodies. Tree frogs are excellent climbers with sticky toe pads that allow them to even climb up smooth surfaces like glass.Full Answer >
Pithed frogs have undergone the pithing procedure, which involves a needle inserted through the foramen magnum into the cranial cavity. Pithing mechanically causes disruptions within the frog's brain, and it is an approved euthanasia method for amphibians.Full Answer >
Frogs float in various positions depending on the species. For example, the African Dwarf Frog floats in a position referred to as Zen position. This position is characterized by outstretched limbs except for one leg, which seems to balance the frog aloft. Other frogs, like the Floating Frog, float belly-down with all limbs outstretched.Full Answer >