African wild dogs are high-ranking predators in the savanna ecosystem, and scientists consider them apex predators. Apex predators are those that are rarely, if ever, hunted by other predators as adults. African wild dogs consume virtually all of the large herbivores sharing their habitat, and fear very few predators.Know More
While outranked by lions and spotted hyenas, African wild dogs fear very few other animals. Because they form large packs of 30 or more animals, African wild dogs can attack and kill very large prey, including water buffalo, impalas and zebras. African wild dogs are not very big, and their success hinges on their numbers. These numbers also help the dogs to defend their kills from scavenging lions and hyenas. Additionally, African wild dogs are very fast eaters. This helps them to get as many calories as possible before competitors can steal their food.
Despite their predatory prowess, African wild dogs occasionally become prey for other large predators, including leopards, hyenas, lions and crocodiles. However, the primary threats facing African wild dogs are disease and starvation. Besides using their speed and excellent sensory capabilities, their pack-forming habits help to keep these dogs safe. African wild dogs take very good care of the weaker members of their group, to protect them from predators.Learn more about Wolves
Because lions only inhabit certain limited parts of Africa, which is a very large continent with varied geology, they cannot accurately be said to dominate wildlife on that continent, though they are apex predators who tend to be at or near the top of their ecosystem's food chain. And while lions are skilled hunters and fierce predators, some other predators, such as hyenas, have been known to outcompete and even dominate lions. Full Answer >
The gray wolf is at the top of its food chain and serves as an alpha predator with no natural enemies or direct competitors once it reaches its adult size. Wolves hunt in packs and can bring down game much larger than themselves, preying on everything from small animals like rabbits and pheasants to much larger ones like elk and moose.Full Answer >
The Arctic wolf is a tertiary consumer, meaning it is at the top of the food chain. It shares its top position with the hawk and the polar bear.Full Answer >
An example of a wolf food chain might be "grass - elk - wolf" or "plants - oxen - wolf." The wolf does not have any natural predators and is at the top of its food chain as an apex predator.Full Answer >