Most animals obtain food from hunting or foraging. Rarely, some, like the ant, also produce food through farming. Some species of ants raise aphids to eat the honeydew the smaller insects produce.Know More
Nearly all animals are heterotrophs, meaning that they eat other organisms to survive. Carnivores are animals that only eat other animals for food. For instance, a lioness is a carnivore and gets food through hunting prey animals. Herbivores are animals that eat plants as food. A cow is an herbivore that eats only grasses, hay, oats and other plants for nutrients. The omnivore is an animal that eats both animals and plants for food. Among omnivores are bears, pigs, squirrels and humans.
Animals evolve to make the most of the food sources that are available in their natural environment. In fact, natural selection can cause a species to change in shape, size, intellect and habit to make it better able to hunt or forage for food in that environment. Humans have adapted to successfully obtain food from a wide range of environments, and humans have developed farming and animal husbandry to grow food as needed. Other animals are specially adapted to eat only one type of food. One example is the Giant Panda, which only eats bamboo.Learn more about Large Cats
The retractable claws in lions’ front paws aid them primarily in hunting. A lions sinks the 1 ½-inch-long claws into its prey to hold it in place for a swift kill.Full Answer >
A cheetah protects itself by using its speed, hunting in the early morning or evening instead of at night, dragging prey to concealment, and eating quickly before other predators intrude. Sometimes young male cheetahs in groups called coalitions get together to drive away larger predators.Full Answer >
When hunting, both lions and tigers tend to kill their prey by grasping it around the throat until it dies of strangulation, and both species give birth to about two to four cubs per litter. Lions and tigers belong to the same genus, Panthera, and the same family, Felidae.Full Answer >
Although many of the big cats, including cheetahs, leopards and lions, have a tendency to avoid the water because they do most of their hunting on land, tigers are prolific swimmers and often use the water to patrol their territories. Tigers usually live in tropical jungle environments, and being able to swim across a river is par for the course.Full Answer >