Q:

What is another name for a reindeer?

A:

Quick Answer

Caribou is another name for reindeer. These animals are generally referred to as caribou by the people in North America and Greenland and are called reindeer by those living in northern Eurasia.

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Full Answer

North American caribou are generally larger than their Eurasian counterparts. Because food is not plentiful in the Arctic, caribou herds must roam great distances in order to survive, particularly during the winter when the majority of the available food is in the form of various lichens.

Eurasian reindeer were domesticated over 2,000 years ago and are still herded by modern residents of northern Eurasia. They are smaller than the caribou of North America.

As of 2014, some scientific doubt exists concerning whether reindeer and caribou are actually the same species. Further research is needed to accurately track the evolutionary journey of these animals.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is a male reindeer called?

    A:

    A male reindeer is called a bull, according to the Smithsonian National Zoological Park. Females are referred to as cows, and babies are calves. Reindeer are domesticated in Europe, but in North America, they roam free and are called caribou.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between reindeer and deer?

    A:

    White-tailed deer live in meadows and forests, and they have poor adaptations for snow, whereas reindeer live in cold areas and have special split hooves for walking on ice and snow. Both male and female reindeer also have antlers. In contrast, only the male of the species for White-tailed deer have antlers.

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  • Q:

    How many reindeer are there in the world?

    A:

    The reindeer population numbers in the low millions as of 2015, but exact figures are not available because their herds and population groups are in constant flux and are located over large tracts of land that cannot be monitored constantly or accurately. In 2015, many of the world's largest reindeer and caribou populations were in a state of decline and were suffering from human over-hunting and other factors.

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  • Q:

    Do female reindeer have antlers?

    A:

    Reindeer are the only species of deer in which both the females and males grow antlers. Female reindeer can grow antlers that are 20 inches long, and males can grow a 51 inch long rack of antlers. Antlers are shed and re-grown each year.

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