According to National Geographic, anteaters swallow 35,000 ants and termites whole on a daily basis, and About.com states that they also eat other grubs and insects occasionally. Each anteater species has its own insect preference, according to Wikipedia. Large anteaters are capable of penetrating the hard covering of terrestrial insects' nests, while small species are equipped to eat arboreal insects that live on small branches.Know More
In order to avoid the defense mechanisms of its prey, feeding anteaters spend roughly one minute at each nest before moving on. This allows them to lick up as many ants or termites at a time as possible. According to National Geographic, the anteater is capable of flicking its tongue up to 160 times per minute. The giant anteater typically has to visit approximately 200 nests in order to fulfill its daily needs.
Anteaters find their prey by using their keen sense of smell, as their vision is very poor. They have large claws which are used to rip open insect nests, and long, thin tongues that can extend past the length of their head, which are used to quickly lap up insects. After eating, they do not destroy the nest, allowing them to return for multiple feedings.Learn more in Ants
Black ants do eat termites (also known as white ants) as they are natural enemies. The predation is slow and can last from several hours to few days. The intensity depends upon the population of black ants compared to that of termites and availability of alternate food resources.Full Answer >
Not only do ants eat termites, but ants are one of the primary predators of this wood-eating insect. Sometimes ants help control termite populations depending upon the relative size of the two colonies and other available food sources.Full Answer >
Carpenter ants have a varied diet, feeding on sugar, meat and other insects. They also eat honeydew, a secretion from aphids. They are sometimes thought to eat wood, but this is untrue; instead, they chew and dig out galleries in moist or decaying wood.Full Answer >
Bullet ants, or Paraponera clavata, most commonly live off plant nectar. They have also been known to eat other insects and other types of plant exudates, including sap, rubber and resin.Full Answer >