An adult male elephant is referred to as a bull while an adult female elephant is called a cow. A group of elephants is called a herd.
Much like humans, the average mother elephant has only one baby at a time. Elephants hold the record for the longest gestation period; from conception until birth, an elephant pregnancy lasts for 22 months.
Elephants are the largest of all land mammals and typically live for up to 70 years. While elephants only walk about four miles per hour, they are capable of swimming long distances. The elephant is a herbivore that spends about 16 hours per day eating and eats approximately 495 pounds of food every day.Learn More
A baby African elephant weighs 200 pounds and stands about 3 feet tall at birth. Asian elephants are slightly smaller, though not by much.Full Answer >
A young elephant is called a calf. Adulthood doesn't begin until the calf, whether male or female, reaches 18 years of age. Beyond that, an elephant's expected lifespan is between 60 to 70 years.Full Answer >
The average gestation period for an elephant is approximately 22 months. Just like with humans, this is not a hard and fast rule. One elephant was pregnant for a total of 700 days — just shy of 2 years — before giving birth.Full Answer >
African elephants reach a maximum weight of 14,000 pounds, standing up to 13 feet high at the shoulder, while Asian elephants weigh up to 11,000 pounds and reach up to 10 feet in height. The two species are the heaviest land animals on Earth.Full Answer >