Though female Senegal parrots are sexually mature at 2 years and males at 3 years, sometimes they are not ready to breed until they are as much as 6 or 7 years old. Once you have successfully introduced the mating pair, you will need a separate cage for them (apart from any other birds), as well as a nest box for privacy, and nest litter for them to lay the eggs in, and help protect them during the incubation period.
- Introduce the male and female to each other
Because Senegal parrots are sometimes aggressive toward newcomers, get the male and female used to each other by placing them side by side in separate cages. Once they are comfortable together, they will sit as close to each other as possible. Move them together into a neutral cage, watching carefully for signs of aggression. When they begin preening and feeding each other, they are ready to be moved to the breeding aviary.
- Have a suitable breeding aviary
Only one pair of parrots should be in a breeding aviary. Be sure it is large enough for the hen to escape from the male if he becomes aggressive. A minimum indoor size would be about 4 feet long, 3 feet wide and 3 feet high. Provide the birds with non-toxic natural branches to use as perches and chew on. Bird toys also help keep them active and engaged.
- Prepare a nest box
The nest box should be about 8 inches long, 10 inches wide and 18 inches high. Place it high up in the aviary, with the entrance hole in a shaded area so that light does not enter the interior. A side door allows you to inspect the nest, and a mesh ladder helps the parrots climb to the entrance. Use about 2 inches of wood shavings or saw dust as nest litter. A female typically lays 1 clutch of eggs per year, which she incubates for 24 to 26 days.