Bull ants are an aggressive and large species of ants that are indigenous to Australia. They are defenders and will attack any intruder that approaches their nest.Know More
Bull ants, or Myrmecia gulosa, are among the biggest types of ants in Australia as well as the world. They grow to around 1 inch long and their mouths are about 1/6 the size of their bodies. They are commonly referred to as bull ants because they are fiercely protective of their colonies as well as themselves. They are fighting ants and will sometimes attack unprovoked.
The bull ant stinger contains a venom that can be extremely detrimental to humans. They attack by stinging with a stinger that protrudes from their stomachs. They can continuously sting a person or other predator and will not stop until they feel there is no longer a threat. Their stings do not contain any barbs, but many humans have allergic reactions to the stings and the venom that is injected with the stinger. These reactions can include anaphylactic responses that can become fatal.
Unlike many other ant species, the bull ants do not work together in highly organized colonies when searching for food. They work independently and even allow the queen ant to find her own food. While they do not necessarily work together when it comes to nutrition, they work together to help take care of the larvae and young ants.Learn more about Ants
Swarms of flying ants are not an uncommon occurrence during summer months as the winged ants are pushed out of an ant colony by the wingless workers. They can be seen spilling out of a colony that was established in a mound of earth or between the cracks in a sidewalk. Winged ants are sometimes mistaken for termites, but can be distinguished from them by their narrow waist and bent antenna.Full Answer >
Winged male ants and queen ants leave the nest to mate, and after mating, they lose their wings. The queen ant mates with several males during her mating period, and she stores the sperm in an internal sack near the end of her abdomen. The sperm does not move until the queen opens a valve that allows it to enter her reproductive tract and fertilize the eggs.Full Answer >
Queen and male ants have wings, while female worker ants do not. Queen and male ants need wings because they mate through a process called a nuptial flight.Full Answer >
The ant has a highly developed sense of smell. A team of researchers led by Lawrence Zwiebel of Vanderbilt University found that ants have about 400 receptors for different odors, which is more than any other type of insect. Ants perceive smells through their antennae.Full Answer >