A group of butterflies is officially called a kaleidoscope, although they are sometimes referred to as a swarm. Groups of caterpillars are called an army.Know More
The world is home to around 20,000 species of butterflies. Mexico has a population of about 2,000 specie while the rest of North America hosts more than 700 species. In the United States, any particular area is home to about 100 species of butterfly.
Most butterflies have a life span of about a month, with some smaller species living only for one week. The longest-living butterflies include the monarchs and mourning cloaks that live for around nine months.
Some longer-living butterflies migrate during the year, flying south during the cold winter months and returning to the north in the spring and summer. The routes the butterflies follow vary by species.Learn more about Butterflies & Moths
Different butterfly species occupy slightly different niches, but most are forest- or field-dwelling, flying, nectar-feeding insects. Butterflies have long, extensible tongues that they insert into flowers to suck out the nectar. During feeding, butterflies are often covered in pollen, making them effective agents of pollination for plants. Butterflies are eaten by a variety of predators, including birds and reptiles.Full Answer >
Butterflies have two compound eyes located on their heads. Although they have spots on their wings that resemble eyes, those are just markings and have nothing to do with a butterfly's eyesight.Full Answer >
Butterflies mate through sexual reproduction, and mating begins when the male butterfly detects a female butterfly releasing pheromones at close range. If the female accepts the male, the male attaches to the female's abdomen, injecting a sperm packet into her stomach that she stores until she decides to lay eggs.Full Answer >
A butterfly is usually a herbivore because they eat plant nutrients such as nectar, however, there is one species of butterfly that eats meat. The butterfly known as the harvester butterfly eats other insects when it is at a larvae stage.Full Answer >