A group of butterflies is officially called a kaleidoscope, although they are sometimes referred to as a swarm. Groups of caterpillars are called an army.Know More
The world is home to around 20,000 species of butterflies. Mexico has a population of about 2,000 specie while the rest of North America hosts more than 700 species. In the United States, any particular area is home to about 100 species of butterfly.
Most butterflies have a life span of about a month, with some smaller species living only for one week. The longest-living butterflies include the monarchs and mourning cloaks that live for around nine months.
Some longer-living butterflies migrate during the year, flying south during the cold winter months and returning to the north in the spring and summer. The routes the butterflies follow vary by species.Learn more in Butterflies & Moths
Butterflies use muscles to move their wings and take flight. The wings are made of a thin, translucent material called chitin that covers a framework of small veins. Butterflies need the correct weather conditions because their muscles must be warmed up before they can fly. Because the scales on their wings are used to absorb heat, butterflies take shelter during severe weather to avoid damaging them.Full Answer >
A butterfly is usually a herbivore because they eat plant nutrients such as nectar, however, there is one species of butterfly that eats meat. The butterfly known as the harvester butterfly eats other insects when it is at a larvae stage.Full Answer >
According to the World Wildlife Fund, butterflies like the monarch have been decreasing in population due to climate change. This decrease is evident in areas like Canada and Mexico.Full Answer >
Butterflies eat by sipping nectar and other liquids through their proboscis, a tubular appendage that functions like a straw. The larvae of butterflies, called caterpillars, feed voraciously on plant material, especially leaves.Full Answer >