Arabian or dromedary camels, which have one hump, live in Northern Africa, Southwestern Asia and Australia, while Bactrian camels, which have two humps, lives in Mongolia and China. Most of the world's camels are domesticated and live with nomadic people in desert regions. The largest camel population is on the Horn of Africa in the countries of Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti.Know More
Camels have many adaptations for their desert habitats. They store large deposits of fat in their humps which provide nourishment during famines. They also conserve water and go long periods without drinking. When water is plentiful, they drink large amount to restock their reserves. Bushy eyebrows and eyelashes, nostrils that close and well-padded feet further protect the camel from the harsh desert environment.
Domestic camels travel through the desert with their nomadic owners. They provide transportation, milk and meat to nomadic desert tribes. Large numbers of domestic Arabian camels live in Western Africa, the Sahara Desert area, the Middle East and around India. Domesticated Bactrian camels live in the rocky deserts of central Asia.
Camels in Australia are the distant relatives of camels imported to be pack animals in the 1800s. Thousands of their descendants, both Arabian and Bactrian, run wild across the Australian Outback.Learn More
Depending on their needs, camels can drink up to 114 liters of water in a 10-minute sitting. If fresh water is unavailable, they may drink salty or brackish water. However, during the winter, only their food provides water.Full Answer >
A baby camel is known as a calf. Female camels generally only give birth to one calf after a 13-month pregnancy.Full Answer >
Camels have 34 teeth. Like other mammals, they start out with baby teeth that are eventually replaced with a permanent set of teeth as the camels mature.Full Answer >
Camels are adapted to a desert habitat by their feet, hump, fur and eyelashes. For instance, a camel's large, flat feet spreads out their weight so that they can walk on soft sand.Full Answer >