Wild deer primarily consume leaves, twigs and buds. In the fall, they eat beechnuts and acorns, while in the winter they switch to hardwoods, hemlock, fir and cedar. They can subsist on commercially blended feed, but they must be fed continuously to avoid shocking their digestive systems.Know More
Artificial feeding is generally not recommended unless the financial resources are in place to support a herd of deer. The Vermont Agency of Natural resources estimates that each deer costs over $50 to feed per month, but since deer attract other deer, the costs can multiply rapidly.
Artificial feeding sites can lead to problems for deer. The close quarters promote the spread of deadly diseases amongst a herd, while deer that rely on artificial feeding sites often lose their wildness and are attacked by domestic dogs or other predators. In the long term, deer that are no longer afraid of humans are more likely to invade gardens and shrubbery, destroying property. Artificial feeding sites also create fierce competition among deer, preventing smaller and weaker deer from feeding.
Deer should never be fed human food such as bread and corn. Not only do these foods harm a deer's digestive system, they also attract scavengers, such as raccoons and skunks, that may carry rabies.Learn more in Deer
Most animals in the deer family are crepuscular, meaning that they are most active during dawn and dusk, rather than being strictly nocturnal creatures. Some deer alter their activity patterns to avoid hunting by humans, producing the phenomena of the "nocturnal buck" familiar to deer hunters.Full Answer >
According to the Texas AgriLife Extension Series, deer often avoid the flowers of marigolds, zinnias, periwinkles, mealy cup sage, indigo spires, larkspurs and spider flower. Additionally, according to About.com, deer tend to reject the leaves and flowers of bugleweed, astilbe, bellflower, tickseed and coneflower.Full Answer >
White-tailed deer live in meadows and forests, and they have poor adaptations for snow, whereas reindeer live in cold areas and have special split hooves for walking on ice and snow. Both male and female reindeer also have antlers. In contrast, only the male of the species for White-tailed deer have antlers.Full Answer >
The main predators of deer are people and dogs. Deer are also subject to predation by coyotes, bobcats, mountain lions and wolves.Full Answer >