The main difference between male and female toads of many species is size, with males tending to be noticeably smaller. The adult female common or European toad, for example, can reach up to 13 cm, snout to vent (or anus), whereas the male counterparts are usually around 8 cm.Know More
Male European toads can also be distinguished from females because they have nuptial pads, or spiked growths that aid with grip during breeding, on their first fingers outside of breeding season and on their first, second and third fingers during the breeding season.
Another key difference is color; male common toads have a uniform light greenish-brown or grey color, while females are darker brown with spots or bands. The male American toad has a darker throat or dewlap, which he expands to make a shrill and distinctive mating call in the spring, which is often likened to the sound of crickets.Learn more about Amphibians
Amphibians live in and out of the water, with many species being found in wetlands or marsh areas. Many amphibians have slimy bodies that need rehydration, which is why many live near a water source.Full Answer >
The Gulf Coast toad is a medium-sized amphibian that grows to more than 4 inches. The toad has protruding eyes and dark stripes that run down the body.Full Answer >
Cane toads have various adaptations, but secreted toxins are their biggest asset. In adult toads, the parotoid glands behind each eye secrete a milky poison called bufotoxin when the animal is threatened. Small glands on the body secrete venom, killing any predator that decides to eat it within 15 minutes.Full Answer >
The Sonoran Desert toad finds food while sitting out in the open basking in the sun or by digging in the dirt and sand in the desert. The Sonoran Desert toad has a diverse diet that includes large spiders, worms, insects, small lizards, other toads and even small mice.Full Answer >