Chameleons are largely carnivorous, eating a varied diet of insects, although some larger chameleons will eat birds and lizards. Chameleons enjoy insects like crickets, grasshoppers, locusts and stick bugs. Some chameleons, specifically the veiled chameleon, also eats a small amount of plants and flowers.
The chameleon depends upon its long, sticky tongue to catch prey. When a chameleon spots an insect, it quickly snaps out its tongue. When its tongue hits the insect it creates suction that allows the chameleon to pull the insect into its mouth.
Because the chameleon moves slowly, it uses its eyes to spot prey. What's unique about a chameleon's eyes is that each eye can look in a different direction at the same time. This allows a chameleon to better spot its prey, at which time it can direct the attention of both eyes onto the prey before attempting to catch it.Learn More
Chameleons usually live two to three years in the wild. However, the life span of a captive chameleon can range between three and 10 years. Some species are reported to be capable of living upwards of 20 years.Full Answer >
According to the National Wildlife Federation, there are over 180 different species of chameleons and only a few are in immediate danger of becoming extinct. Destroying a chameleon’s natural habitat is the biggest threat to its existence.Full Answer >
The two main predators of chameleons are the fiscal shrike and the boomslang. The fiscal shrike is a bird that catches its prey and throws it onto plant thorns before eating it. The boomslang is a venomous tree snake that preys on the chameleon.Full Answer >
There are over 150 chameleon species in the world, ranging in size from the large Parson's and veiled chameleons to the smaller jeweled and Jackson's chameleons. While chameleons are native to the continents of Africa, Asia and Europe, approximately half of these species live in Madagascar.Full Answer >