Cows thrive best in temperate climates and open grasslands. They are descended from wild animals that once roamed North Africa, Europe, and South Asia, and they are adapted to life in regions with a similar climate. Some breeds, such as Highland cattle, are bred for colder temperatures, but cows tend to prefer warmer climates.
Traditional farms that raise cows are called dairy farms or cattle ranches depending on whether they specialize in raising cattle for milk or beef. Traditional ranches are large tracts of land with plentiful open pastures, and they are the popular image of a cow habitat.
It must be noted that most cows alive today live not on the open field but in feedlots. A feedlot is a mechanized agricultural innovation. It includes small areas of bare ground fenced off by metal bars with the cow's feed in a trough immediately in front of it. This is an unnatural arrangement for the animals, but this living arrangement is driven by economics. A cow in a feedlot has its nutrition closely monitored, and the food is designed scientifically to make it rapidly gain weight. The majority of dairy cows live in similar arrangements, but the emphasis is given to milk production and not weight gain.Learn More
There is evidence suggesting that cows do have feelings. As herd animals, they have extensive social relationships and may experience emotions such as stress, fear and pleasure.Full Answer >
Cows lie down to ruminate, a process that increases their milk production. Cows can lie down for up to 14 hours a day, although only a half an hour of that time is spent sleeping.Full Answer >
A group of cows is called a herd, drove or team. Historically, people who took cattle to market on the open range were known as drovers.Full Answer >
The term "cow" is only used for female cattle. Male, or boy, cattle are called bulls or steers. When born, a male is referred to as a "bull calf." If the bull calf is not castrated, it grows into a bull.Full Answer >