Adult dogs should receive a parvovirus vaccine every three years, says the American Animal Hospital Association. Puppies should receive a parvovirus vaccine as part of a standard immunization schedule. According to the ASPCA, puppies should receive the first parvovirus-related vaccine at six to eight weeks old, then receive a booster shot every four weeks until they are 16 to 20 weeks old. Puppies should have the final booster shot at one year old.
The parvovirus vaccine is part of a group of vaccines known as the "core vaccines," states the ASPCA. Core vaccines are usually given in a five-in-one shot that protects against distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus and parainfluenza. This combination vaccine is also known as DHLPP, which name derives from the first letter of each disease it protects against, according to the Daily Puppy.
Puppies, adolescent dogs and unvaccinated dogs are at the highest risk for contracting parvovirus, warns the ASPCA. The organization notes that Rottweilers, Doberman Pinschers, Labrador Retrievers, American Staffordshire Terriers and German Shepherds have a higher risk of contracting the disease than other breeds. Wolves, coyotes and other members of the Canidae family also contract and spread canine parvovirus. Treatment for parvovirus requires hospitalization and medication, but the treatment is not guaranteed to work. The ASPCA notes that routine vaccinations offer the best way to protect against canine parvovirus.Learn More
The Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine explains that veterinarians use chemistry to diagnose disease in sick and apparently healthy animals. Additionally, veterinarians use chemistry to prescribe medications and treatments for sick animals and monitor response to the treatment. One of the most common applications for chemistry occurs when veterinarians analyze test results.Full Answer >
A foreign object stuck in the dog’s throat or dust and germs can cause a dog to cough. Fungal infections, kennel cough, heartworms, distemper and heart disease may also make a dog cough.Full Answer >
To prevent a cat from developing urinary tract infections, keep the litter box clean, make sure clean water is always available, feed wet food instead of dry, and maintain normal body weight through calorie restriction and exercise. If a cat develops urinary tract infections frequently, a vet can suggest a prescription diet or add glucosamine supplements. Look for cat food low in magnesium and high in L-methionine.Full Answer >
According to Frontline's website, Frontline does not repel fleas, so they are still attracted to cats that have been treated. New fleas are killed when they come into contact with the pet's coat, but it can take up to 24 hours for the new fleas to die. However, if the Frontline applied was expired, it may not work at all; in this case, the pet owner must wait 30 days to apply it again.Full Answer >