The Dumbo octopus lives in ocean areas around New Zealand and Austrailia, in the Monterey Bay in California, in the waters around Oregon and the Philippines, as well as in Pupua, New Guinea. It was named for its similarity to Dumbo, the flying elephant featured in a Disney movie.
A Dumbo octopus lives just above the ocean floor at depths between 9,800 and 13,000 feet, which is deeper than any other species of octopus. Well adapted to elevated water pressure and cold temperatures, a Dumbo octopus uses its large, flapping ears, the webbing between its tentacles and shooting water from a funnel in its mantle, or body covering, for water propulsion.Learn More
An octopus uses several methods to move through the ocean. An octopus in a hurry uses jet propulsion by rapidly contracting its water-filled mantle, the muscular sac that encloses its gills and body organs. The contracting mantle forces water rapidly through a funnel at its base, propelling the octopus in the opposite direction. Slower movement is achieved by using all eight limbs to maneuver along the sea bottom or around obstacles.Full Answer >
Female octopuses reproduce by first fertilizing their eggs with the sperm from a male and then depositing and caring for her eggs. The young octopuses, however, must care for themselves. They must secure food and avoid predators in order to grow, mature and eventually reproduce themselves.Full Answer >
Some enemies of the octopus include eels, sharks, halibut, ling cod and dolphins. The octopus uses camouflage to protect itself from predators, which allows it to hide in plain sight. It also releases a cloud of black smoke to cover its escape if it is attacked by an enemy.Full Answer >
Crocodiles are ambush hunters. Their diets include dragonflies, fish, turtles, frogs, birds and mammals. The size of the crocodile determines the size of its prey.Full Answer >