There are two species of elephants: the Asian elephant, which lives in south and southeast Asia, and the African elephant, which lives in sub-Saharan Africa. The can be found living in the tropical forests, woodlands and savannahs of these regions.Know More
Both species are large, gray mammals, but have some differences in which to tell them apart. The African elephant, Loxodonta africana, have visible tusks and large ears that resemble the shape of the African continent. Their trunks allow them to pick things up, much like two large fingers. They have swayed backs and wrinkly skin. These elephants are the largest mammals on Earth.
The Asian elephant, Elephas maximus, are smaller than the African elephants. They have dome-shaped backs, smaller ears, and trunks with only one "finger." Their skin is not as wrinkled, and only the males have visible tusks.Learn More
The median lifespan of an elephant in the wild is 56 years for female African elephants and 42 years for female Asian elephants. Elephants can reach ages of over 70 years old. In captivity, elephants only live to be about 17 years old — one year short of adulthood.Full Answer >
Elephants can survive without tusks. While most elephants have tusks, female Asian elephants don't have any, and some male Asian elephants are born without tusks. Removing an elephant's tusk completely up to its skull can be extremely painful for the animal and can lead death.Full Answer >
One subspecies of African elephant, known as the forest elephant, lives in the rain forest. The forest elephant lives in the equatorial forests in the central and western regions of the African continent.Full Answer >
According to National Geographic, African elephants are the largest animals on Earth and can reach as tall as 13 feet at the shoulder. They weigh as much as 14,000 pounds. Asian elephants are slightly smaller and feature rounder ears.Full Answer >