Q:

What is euthanization?

A:

Quick Answer

Euthanization, also called euthanasia, is the intentional ending of a life via a drug administered by a professional. When applied to pets, this procedure is often called having the animal "put to sleep."

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Full Answer

The euthanasia drug is an overdose of barbiturate. It works by stopping the heart and breathing muscles. The drug can be administered with a needle and syringe or through an intravenous catheter. Some veterinarians administer a sedative tranquilizer prior to euthanization in order to make the pet's final moments more peaceful for both the animal and the owner.

Euthanization is performed for various reasons, including injury and disease. Euthanization is also performed at animal shelters due to overcrowding and a lack of resources.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are disadvantages of euthanasia?

    A:

    Disadvantages of euthanasia include that it violates the Hippocratic Oath of physicians, demeans human life, may lead to suicides for patients who are not critical and may cause physicians to give up on treatment earlier, according to Joe Messerli on BalancedPolitics.org. Messerli also writes that assisted suicide is prohibited by many religions, and asking physicians of those religions to assist in suicide may be unethical.

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  • Q:

    What are the benefits of euthanasia?

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    Supporters of euthanasia see its biggest benefit as relief from suffering and pain for a dying patient. Euthanasia is seen as a more humane alternative for terminally ill loved ones who are undergoing intense or unstoppable pain, and allowing a patient to die on his own terms is viewed as an act of mercy.

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  • Q:

    Is human euthanasia legal?

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    Oregon, Montana, Vermont and Washington state have assisted suicide laws where some kind of physician-assisted suicide is legal in the United States, according to the Euthanasia Research & Guidance Organization. Oregon's law went into effect in 1998, while Vermont's assisted-suicide law was the first such law passed by a legislature.

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  • Q:

    How are animal shelters funded?

    A:

    Animal shelters are funded by donations, adoption fees, bequests and merchandise sales. Animal shelters also host special events, such as annual walks and dinners, to raise funds.

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