Cows have evolved a variety of adaptations that help them survive, including the ability to sweat, regulate body temperature and digest foliage that would be undigestible for many mammals. The modern cow's digestive system is sometimes said to be its most unique and important adaptation.Know More
Cows spend much of their time chewing and digesting food. The entire digestive process can take 70-100 hours. This long process is the result of a set of adaptations that makes it possible for cows to eat a variety of foraged plants and leaves.
Cows have four-chambered stomachs that allow them to complete a repeated process of chewing and partially digesting tough and fibrous foliage. Cows also have adapted impressive processes to manage and regulate body temperature, from things like sweating and panting to adjusting behavior by seeking shady, cooler areas in hot weather. These adaptations have helped make cows hardy animals.Learn more about Barnyard Mammals
An average full-grown cow weighs between 1,000 and 1,800 pounds. A cow's weight varies by breed, age and individual factors. Holstein dairy cows tend to be quite large and usually weigh around 1,500 pounds, while Jersey dairy cows are smaller and usually weigh around 1,000 pounds when full grown.Full Answer >
Characteristics of cows include their large size, boxy body type and calm temperament. They have bulky, long bodies with relatively small heads. Cows can weigh more than 2,000 pounds, but height and weight can vary significantly between breeds.Full Answer >
A heifer is a mature female cow that has not calved, or given birth to a calf, yet. As soon as a heifer gives birth, she becomes a cow. A cow refers to a female of any age that has given birth.Full Answer >
Although cattle are often collectively referred to as cows, the word cow specifically refers to females of the cattle species that have given birth to at least one calf. Young female cattle that have not yet given birth to a calf are referred to as heifers.Full Answer >