Geckos live on every continent except for Antarctica. They are mostly found in warm climates and live in numerous habitats, such as rain forests, deserts and even on cold mountain slopes.
Different types of geckos can be identified by their size, coloration, patterns and markings, and their native habitat. Other forms of identification are whether the gecko can change its color, its temperament and if its toes have adhesive pads.
The lizard has a wide variety of predators, including birds, snakes and even other lizards. When being chased or attacked by predators, lizards may swell up, hiss, break off their tails to escape or even change colors to blend in with their surroundings.
Chameleons are famous for being able to change colors to adapt to their surroundings. Although this ability is used partly for camouflage, it also reflects the chameleon's emotional state and intentions, according to National Zoo.
Depending on the species, it can take anywhere from several weeks to several months for a lizard egg to hatch. For pet lizards, such as Anoles, eggs should hatch at around the 4 to 6 week mark, whereas the eggs of larger, wild lizards, such as Komodo Dragons, can take 7 to 8 months to hatch.
Bearded dragons are omnivores and eat a variety of plant and animal matter. Pet bearded dragons also eat prepared bearded dragon food, which often comes in pellet or freeze-dried varieties.
Most species of lizard are quadrupedal and crawl using their four limbs and tail. Certain species are legless and slither like snakes. Some lizards, such as geckos, can adhere to vertical or inverted surfaces and move freely on them.
Chameleons usually live two to three years in the wild. However, the life span of a captive chameleon can range between three and 10 years. Some species are reported to be capable of living upwards of 20 years.
The lifespan of most lizard species varies from 1 to 20 years in length. The lizard species and whether or not it lives in captivity, is the reason for the variance in life expectancy. There are more than 3,800 species of lizards.
Most lizards require a male and female pairing to mate; the male excretes an odor from a gland on the tail to which the female is attracted. Male lizards will mount female lizards to complete the mating process.
It takes a month to a year for a lizard's tail to grow back. Lost tails are only regrown up to three times. A lizard sheds its tail once a defense mechanism to elude a predator is set in motion.
A bearded dragon bobs its head when trying to exert dominance over another bearded dragon. Bobbing the head also signals that a male dragon wishes to mate with a female.
Lizards pass through three different life stages, beginning as eggs, hatching into juveniles and ultimately becoming mature adults. Most juveniles resemble miniature versions of the adults, while others experience a change in color or body proportions as they grow. Some lizards pass through all three life stages within the course of one year, while others live long lives, taking many years to hatch and mature into adults.
Baby Komodo dragons are called hatchlings. As they grow a bit older, they don't have a special name; they are just referred to as babies.
Baby chameleons are simply known as “chameleons," whethet they are babies or not. They may also be called hatchlings when they are first born. A hatchling is a young reptile or bird that has hatched or emerged from within an egg.
Every lizard species has unique dietary needs, because lizards are a group of reptiles spanning up to 6,000 species rather than a single species. Potential pet owners should research their species' dietary needs before bringing home an animal.
Leopard geckos are desert-dwelling reptiles native to parts of southern Asia. Leopard geckos are among the larger gecko species and, unlike many gecko species, they possess eyelids and lack adhesive structures on their feet.
The lifespan of a bearded dragon is six to 15 years. Australia is their natural habitat; however, they can be found around the world as pets.
Tarantulas.com explains that chameleons eat a variety of fruits, including apples, strawberries, mangoes, papayas and raspberries. Chameleons also eat vegetables such as carrots and squash as well leafy greens, such as kale, romaine and endive. Dandelions and hibiscus flowers are also food sources for chameleons.
Lizards do have teeth. However, the teeth of most lizards aren't specialized the way they are in animals like carnivores or rodents. All of their teeth look like pegs and are simply for catching prey and moving them down the digestive tract.
Some lizards reproduce by laying eggs, while others give birth to live young. The lizard's mode of reproduction depends on its species. Iguanas, geckos and monitor lizards lay eggs; Solomon Island, blue-tongue and shingle-backed skinks reproduce by live birth.