The wild Atlantic salmon is a fish of the Salmonidae family, native to the northern Atlantic Ocean and rivers flowing into it. The juvenile salmon live in freshwater rivers and streams until they migrate out to sea, eventually returning to spawn.
When you put a seashell to your ear you are not hearing the ocean, you are hearing the ambient noise coming from inside your ear and around you. The seashell captures and amplifies the noise, which resonates inside the shell and sounds like the rolling waves of the ocean. This effect is called seashell resonance.
Like adult seahorses, seahorse babies, which are also known as fry, eat a lot of food in a single day; these tiny creatures can eat as much as 3,000 pieces of food a day. As adults, seahorses will typically eat on no fewer than 30 occasions per day, with as many as 50 eating episodes taking place in a 24-hour period. This voracious appetite is related to the fact that the seahorse has no stomach and has a digestive system that has been described as inefficient, meaning this sea creature must eat a lot in order to stay properly nourished.
Crayfish, which are freshwater crustaceans closely related to lobsters, have large claws with which they threaten predators and protect themselves. In addition, when crayfish are frightened, they make menacing gestures with their claws, propel themselves backwards and use their tails to throw mud at their enemies.
Of the 15,000 species of bivalves known as clams, some have life cycles of only one year. Individuals of one species called the ocean quahog, or Arctica islandica, however, are among the oldest living animals on Earth, with one captured specimen measured to be more than 500 years of age.
Narwhals live in the Arctic Ocean in the areas near Russia and the Atlantic Ocean. They have been found as far east as eastern Russia and as far south as Greenland.
The biggest recorded lobster ever caught weighed 44 pounds, 6 ounces and was caught in 1977. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, it was taken from the waters off the coast of Nova Scotia, and it measured 3 feet 5 inches from the tip of its largest claw to the end of its tail fan.
The biggest animal in the ocean, and possibly the largest animal ever to live on Earth, is the blue whale. The maximum recorded weight for a 98-foot blue whale exceeded 209 tons. Longer whales, up to 110 feet, have been seen but not weighed.
Shrimp have been known to live from 1 year to as long as over 20 years in captivity. According to the Northeast Fisheries Science Center, the life cycle varies based on geography and the species of shrimp.
Piranha are carnivores that eat live prey and can also feed on insects, plants and even their own kind. These voraciously hungry fish tend to have a lurk-and-ambush style of attack that occurs en masse, with large groups of piranha feeding at once.
There are several species of eels, which fall into the families of either freshwater or saltwater eels. The two eel families are the family Anguillidae and the family Moninguidae. Eels in the first family share a common genus and reside primarily in North America; those in the latter class generally live in tropical locales and have different body shapes.
Sea stars eat either by turning their stomachs inside out and releasing digestive enzymes onto prey or by catching drifting food items and moving them down to their mouths. Sea stars are slow-moving animals, so any prey must be similarly slow-moving or even unmoving. Many sea stars specialize in feeding on slow-moving or sessile bivalves such as clams and mussels or even on other sea stars.
The flesh of the barracuda sometimes carries the toxin ciguatera, although it is regularly eaten by humans. Symptoms of ciguatera poisoning include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Neurological symptoms, such as headaches, paresthesia and vertigo, often follow. Scarce treatment options exist for ciguatera poisoning, although recovery is possible in time.
A dolphin's slimmer body, beak-like nose and curved fins distinguish it from the porpoise's stout build, rounded face and triangular fins, according to the National Ocean Service. Although they are different species, dolphins and porpoises both belong to order Cetacea. Approximately 32 dolphin species have been discovered, while only six known porpoise species exist.
Manatees are large, slow-moving aquatic mammals. They swim at speeds of about 5 mph, although they can triple that speed in very short bursts. Although slow, they are excellent swimmers, and are able to perform nimble water gymnastics.
Catfish have a wide variety of predators, including snakes, raccoons, mink, otters, wading birds, alligators, crocodiles, large lizards, humans and other fish. As with most species, catfish have more predators when they are young than when they reach maturity. Some old, large catfish may effectively outgrow all of their predators except humans.
A baby whale is called a calf, its mother is a cow and its father is a bull. Because whales are mammals, they give birth to their live babies and nurse them in infancy. A calf lives in the mother's uterus during gestation and is fed through an umbilical cord.
A seahorse can weigh anywhere from less than 1 gram to up to 2 pounds. The big belly seahorse is the largest species of this aquatic animal and typically weighs close to 2 pounds.
Seashells can often be identified by their shape, size, color and habitat, but since there are at least 100,000 species of mollusks, a printed or online identification guide can help. Seashell identification guides provide photographs for comparison, taxonomic details and clues to help differentiate between similar species.
Whales and dolphins beach themselves, or end up beached, for reasons ranging from injury and illness to polluted water and simply becoming stranded at low tide. When these creatures travel in pods, the entire pod is likely to end up beached if the leader accidentally strands itself on shore, explains Mental Floss.
Angler fish, Pacific Viperfish, Wolfish, Goblin Shark and Sloane's Viperfish are just a few of the terrifying fish lurking in the ocean's depths. Once you move past the point where light reaches, the world's oceans turn into a terrifying place filled with strange creatures.