What are female elephants called?
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Q:

What are female elephants called?

A:

Quick Answer

Female elephants are called cows. Male elephants are called bulls. An entire group of elephants are reffered to as a heard. Elephants are very intelligent animals with complex social structures.

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Full Answer

Both the female Asian and African elephant is referred to as a cow. The cows of the herd have a 22-month gestation period before they give birth to a single calf that weighs close to 200 pounds. Cows grow to be about 15,000 pounds, can reach heights of up to 11 feet and live on average for 50 to 60 years unless threatened by ivory poachers. Because of its size, the elephant does not have many natural enemies in the wild.

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    A:

    Elephants are considered the strongest mammal and strongest land animal, as they can carry up to 9,000 kilograms, which in turn equals the approximate weight of 130 adult human beings. An elephant's trunk consists of over 100,000 muscles.

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    Why are elephants so big?

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    Elephants evolved to their current size over the course of tens of millions of years; this size adaptation is likely a survival mechanism because a full-sized, adult elephant faces very little threat from predators, though baby elephants are much more vulnerable to predation from big cats such as lions and wild dogs. There have been cases in which adult elephants have fallen victim to attack from big cats, but these cases are rare. The elephant is the largest known land animal, but scientists believe that this massive mammal evolved from a creature that is roughly the size of a small rodent.

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    African elephants are indigenous to Sub-Saharan Africa as well as the Sahel desert in Mali and the African rainforests while Asian elephants originated in Iraq and Syria, but now are found in India, China and Vietnam. Elephants found in other areas of the world have been relocated due to human interest or other purposes.

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