A filly horse is a young female horse under 4 years old. Once a filly turns 4, she becomes known as a mare, even though fillies generally reach sexual maturity by 2 years of age.
Although fillies are sexually mature at age 2, they aren't bred until they become mares because they're still growing. A mare can breed once a year for several years. A horse used primarily for this purpose is called a broodmare. Once she gives birth to a foal, which is a baby horse, she nurses it for up to six months. A mare who is used for riding is also not bred regularly. In some rare cases a mare is fixed, becoming a spayed mare.
A colt is a young male horse under 4 years old. Once he comes of age, he is called a stallion. Stallions are often castrated for any of several reasons; two of the most common are that the stallion is unmanageable due to its testosterone levels and that it doesn't have desirable traits to pass on to young. Once castrated, a male horse becomes known as a gelding. On rare occasions a castration isn't complete, and the horse becomes a rigg. A rigg has some stallion character traits and in some cases is still fertile.Learn More
An average healthy horse with a height of 48 inches from its hoof to the highest part of its back weighs about 550 pounds. An average horse weighs about 760 at a height of 52 inches, or 13 hands, and about 870 pounds at 56 inches, or 14 hands.Full Answer >
Mountain lions and black bears are among the more common enemies of horses. The large size of horses makes them less appealing to other predators, and they rely on their running speed and herding mentality to flee from danger. Predators typically seek out sick or wounded horses in the herd.Full Answer >
There are several terms for male horses depending on their age and whether they have been gelded. The most common terms are colt, gelding and stallion.Full Answer >
The farthest most horses can sustain a gallop is thought to be around 2 miles, but some Arabian horses can gallop for 2.5 miles before fatigue is a factor. The gallop is the fastest method of movement for the horse, averaging approximately 25 to 30 mph.Full Answer >