The American alligator, known to scientists as Alligator mississippiensis, is at the top of the food chain. Called an apex predator, American alligator adults feed on virtually every other creature that shares their habitat, but they fear nothing except for humans and larger alligators. However, its young are not so safe, and many baby alligators are consumed by a variety of aquatic predators.Know More
Fish and turtles are the most important prey for most alligators, but they are not fussy eaters. Other common prey species include snakes, frogs, toads, salamanders, birds, lizards, beavers, raccoons, nutria, rats, crustaceans, mollusks, insects and smaller alligators. Young alligators feed on smaller prey, including insects, frogs and fish. Alligators of all ages adapt to local food sources, but they are strictly carnivorous and do not eat vegetation.
Wading birds, snakes, large fish, turtles, raccoons, foxes and larger alligators hunt young alligators. As they grow, young alligators add more and larger prey to their list of acceptable food. Concurrently, alligators fear fewer predators as they grow.
Alligators are an important part of freshwater ecosystems as they help to maintain balance among the populations of small animals. Additionally, turtles and some other animals deposit their eggs in alligator nests.Learn more about Alligators
According to Nature.com, the golden eagle is at the top of the food chain, above plants, squirrels and scorpions. Plants are considered primary producers and make up the first level of the food chain. Ground squirrels, which are primary consumers, are in the second level and feed on plants. Golden eagles are tertiary consumers, meaning that they prey upon primary and secondary consumers.Full Answer >
Tiger sharks exist at the top of the food chain, and they prey on a wide variety of species, including fish, sea turtles and other sharks. Additionally, tiger sharks prey on sea-dwelling birds, catching them as they land on the water’s surface. Mollusks such as sea snails, conchs and whelks also serve as prey for the opportunistic sharks. Tiger sharks are also scavengers that have been known to eat garbage.Full Answer >
Black panthers are considered a dominant predator at the top of the food chain in their environments, and they prey upon deer, tapir and wild boar, but will also eat anything they can dominate when large prey is scarce. Panthers are generally considered an apex predator with no natural predators in the wild.Full Answer >
Hyenas are apex predators that sit at the top of the food chain. They prey upon a number of herbivores, including gazelles, impalas, wildebeests and zebras. Few animals are capable of catching and killing healthy adult hyenas but lions, leopards, hunting dogs and other hyenas occasionally eat sick and young hyenas.Full Answer >