Q:

How do grasshoppers mate?

A:

Quick Answer

Grasshoppers mate by engaging in sexual reproduction. During this reproductive process, the male grasshopper inserts a spermatophore, or a packet of sperm, into the female grasshopper's vagina.

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Full Answer

To reach the female's eggs, the sperm must travel through tiny canals called micropyles. When the sperm reaches its destination, the eggs become fertilized. After fertilization, the female deposits her eggs into the ground. She completes this action using a set of prongs on her ovipositor act, which are located on the posterior of the body. This anatomical tool digs a few centimeters below the earth's surface and deposits the eggs. The eggs then remain underground for at least ten months. During this period, the eggs remain dormant, or in a sleep stage, until they are ready to hatch in the summer time.

Before reproduction, grasshoppers use singing and pheromones to attract mates. Each grasshopper has a unique song that is created through an action called stridulation. Stridulation occurs when a grasshopper rubs their lower back legs on their forewings to create a clicking or chirping sound. Females sing much softer than the males. Some species of grasshoppers perform elaborate courtship routines using their colorful wings to attract the attention of the opposite sex.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What do grasshoppers eat and drink?

    A:

    Baby grasshoppers, called "nymphs," eat young, tender vegetation such as clover, grass and fresh shoots. Adult grasshoppers prefer plants in the grass family such as corn, wheat, alfalfa and barley.

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  • Q:

    Can grasshoppers fly?

    A:

    Grasshoppers have very strong wings that provide them with the ability to fly a great distance in search of food or for a mate. Grasshoppers can also fly pretty high considering their large size.

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    What do grasshoppers eat?

    A:

    The grasshopper's diet consists of plant foliage, especially grasses and spurges. It eats roughly half of its body weight in plants every day, according to About.com. The vast majority of grasshoppers are polyphagous, which means they are able to eat many types of plants. Only one of the 8,000 grasshopper species relies on one single plant species, making it monophagous.

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  • Q:

    Do grasshoppers bite?

    A:

    Grasshoppers are not known for biting though they may occasionally bite a predator as a defense mechanism. Although grasshoppers have very strong jaws for tearing vegetation, they prefer jumping away to avoid capture rather than confronting predators.

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