Q:

How do grasshoppers mate?

A:

Grasshoppers mate by engaging in sexual reproduction. During this reproductive process, the male grasshopper inserts a spermatophore, or a packet of sperm, into the female grasshopper's vagina.

To reach the female's eggs, the sperm must travel through tiny canals called micropyles. When the sperm reaches its destination, the eggs become fertilized. After fertilization, the female deposits her eggs into the ground. She completes this action using a set of prongs on her ovipositor act, which are located on the posterior of the body. This anatomical tool digs a few centimeters below the earth's surface and deposits the eggs. The eggs then remain underground for at least ten months. During this period, the eggs remain dormant, or in a sleep stage, until they are ready to hatch in the summer time.

Before reproduction, grasshoppers use singing and pheromones to attract mates. Each grasshopper has a unique song that is created through an action called stridulation. Stridulation occurs when a grasshopper rubs their lower back legs on their forewings to create a clicking or chirping sound. Females sing much softer than the males. Some species of grasshoppers perform elaborate courtship routines using their colorful wings to attract the attention of the opposite sex.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are some of the characteristics of grasshoppers?

    A:

    Grasshoppers have a wide variety of characteristics including big hind legs for jumping, short antennae and conspicuous eyes. Grasshoppers also have a pair of appendages at the end of their abdomen and two pairs of wings.

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  • Q:

    Do grasshoppers bite?

    A:

    Grasshoppers are not known for biting though they may occasionally bite a predator as a defense mechanism. Although grasshoppers have very strong jaws for tearing vegetation, they prefer jumping away to avoid capture rather than confronting predators.

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  • Q:

    What is a group of grasshoppers called?

    A:

    A group of grasshoppers is called a cloud. Grasshoppers are insects that range in size from ½ inch to 2 ¾ inches. They have two pairs of wings and six legs, four in front and two in the back. Unlike katydids and crickets, grasshoppers have short horned antennae.

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  • Q:

    How long do grasshoppers live?

    A:

    The lifespan of a grasshopper depends on the climate where it resides. In climates where winter is cold, grasshoppers can only survive the winter as an egg. Adult grasshoppers do not survive low temperatures. In warmer climates, grasshoppers are capable of living for several years.

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