Ground squirrels are either herbivores, which eat only plants, or omnivores, which eat both plants and animals. Different species eat different diets, depending on their habitat.Know More
Herbivorous ground squirrels, such as the California ground squirrel, feed on grasses, herbs, seeds, nuts and grains, according to the University of California. Ground squirrels in desert environments might also feed on barrel cacti, mesquite beans and prickly pear fruit, states the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum.
Omnivorous ground squirrels, such as the thirteen-lined ground squirrel, eat the same plants as herbivores, but they also include animals in their diet. This includes insects, insect eggs, earthworms and small mice. They may also eat other ground squirrels.
Many communities consider ground squirrels to be nuisances due to their diets and habitats. While foraging, ground squirrels eat seeds and destroy young plants in gardens. They might also kill trees by eating the bark. In addition, burrows can dry out and kill plant roots, and the holes they dig create hazards for operating machinery, including lawn mowers.
In many cases, people can trap or kill ground squirrels to remove them from the property. However, some states consider some species of ground squirrel to be protected. For example, in Pennsylvania, the thirteen-lined ground squirrel is considered threatened, and property owners must get a state permit to trap or kill them, states the Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management.Learn more about Rodents
Lemmings are herbivores, which means that they eat only plants, and no meat. Their diets consist primarily of moss and grass, but they may also eat some berries, bulbs and lichens. Since they live in the arctic tundra and alpine climates, lemmings must often dig through snow in order to reach their food sources.Full Answer >
Squirrels primarily eat tree nuts, seeds and fruit, but their diets can also include flowers, bark, eggs, insects, leaves and even baby birds. Squirrels are opportunistic feeders, which allows them to consume human garbage when none of their favorite foods are available.Full Answer >
Flying squirrels are omnivores with diets consisting of a variety of foods, such as nuts, seeds, fruits insects and fungi. Flying squirrels that reside in southern regions tend to be a bit more carnivorous, and they even eat eggs, carrion and birds.Full Answer >
Squirrels are opportunistic omnivores, but the bulk of their diet is made up of seeds, nuts, shoots, fruits and leaves. Occasionally, squirrels will predate upon lizards, snakes, worms, birds, eggs or insects. Squirrels are equipped with very long incisors that help them to gnaw into the tough shells of nuts.Full Answer >