One kind of spider that's black and yellow is the black and yellow argiope. This large spider lives throughout the United States, Canada and Central America and frequents gardens. Its other name is the golden orb weaver. The female is much larger than the male.
The body of the female black and yellow argiope can be 1 1/8 inches across. Its abdomen bears yellow stripes against black.
The spider weaves an orb-shaped web and does this with the help of a three-clawed foot. When it's finished, it rests in the center of the web, head down, with its legs spread out in an X shape.