King penguins live on islands surrounding Antarctica, including the Falklands, Prince Edward, South Georgia, South Sandwich, Crozet, Heard, Macquarie and Kerguelen. Though some live as far south as the coast of Antarctica, no colonies have been found inside the Antarctic Circle.
Though King penguins generally inhabit the icy, sparsely vegetated islands of the southern oceans, non-breeding pairs have been found farther north in southern Chile and Argentina and individuals in Brazil and South Africa. Their general appreciation for more temperate conditions is also reflected in their choice of fishing areas, because they prefer slightly northern waters where the surface air temperature hovers around 4.5 degrees Celsius or 40 degrees Fahrenheit.Learn More
Emperor penguins live on the continent of Antarctica, forming colonies on the massive pieces of ice. These penguins live along the coast of Antarctica, moving between the ice and the frigid waters.Full Answer >
King penguins eat squids and fish. A carnivorous animal, king penguins especially like consuming the lantern fish. However, they also dine on other species of small fish, krill and small crustaceans.Full Answer >
Despite the harsh conditions of living in Antarctica, an emperor penguin can generally live for up to 20 years. Recent observations note that some individuals can even live upwards of 50 years.Full Answer >
Adélie penguins are one of five types of penguin that live on the continent of Antarctica. They live exclusively along the coast of the continent and are one of the most southerly distributed of all seabirds.Full Answer >