According to herpetologist Frank Indiviglio, the largest documented prey that a snake has ever consumed was a 130-pound impala. The snake in question was an African rock python, and it was caught in the act of swallowing the large impala by a camera crew.
It is possible that snakes have eaten even larger prey. The largest snakes in the world live in inhospitable places, such as Southeast Asia, Africa and the Amazon Basin, which are hard to study. The impala may simply represent the largest prey documented, not the largest prey ever consumed. Other large prey have included crocodilians, capybaras and small humans.Learn More
The southern black racer will eat just about any prey that it can subdue including insects, rodents, frogs and lizards. Occasionally these large nonvenomous snakes will also eat birds and other snakes when they get the chance.Full Answer >
Depending on boa constrictors' species and size, they prey upon lizards, frogs, birds, rodents and medium-sized mammals, such as monkeys and pigs. Boa constrictors live in diverse habitats in Africa, Asia, the Pacific Islands, and North, South and Central America, so their diets reflect the variety of local animals. Mongooses, opossums, deer, tapirs, squirrels, bats and even caiman are hunted by these snakes.Full Answer >
Western diamondback rattlesnakes have heat sensitive pits for locating prey and hemotoxic venom to incapacitate small animals. These snakes are excellent at conserving energy and can survive nearly two years without food.Full Answer >
Puerto Rican boas are constrictor snakes that grow as long as 9 feet and kill by suffocating prey with their bodies. They are the biggest snakes on the Caribbean island of Puerto Rico, a U.S. unincorporated territory. Puerto Rican boas eat small mammals, lizards, bats and birds. The snakes, a type of rainbow boa, are on the list of endangered species as of 2014.Full Answer >