The lionfish is native to the reef habitats of the Indo-Pacific, an area that extends from Western Australia to Japan and throughout Micronesia. It also resides off the East Coast of the United States and as far south as the Turks Islands.
Lionfish live near coral and rocky reefs in depths of up to 50 meters. They are also known as zebrafish, turkeyfish, firefish and butterfly-cod. The species has venomous spiny fin rays and is colored in alternating vertical stripes that may be red, white, cream and black. Lionfish range in size from 2 to 17.7 inches in length and weigh between 0.06 and 2.87 pounds. Their typical prey includes invertebrates, small fish and mollusks.Learn More
The scales of bony fish grow out of the dermis and are embedded in the dermis at the base of the scale. They overlap like shingles on a roof, says The Earth Life Web. Most bony-fish scales have two layers: a calcified layer on the bottom and a fibrous layer on the top. Fish don't shed their scales; the scales continue to grow with the fish.Full Answer >
Fish do not have eyelids, with the exception of the shark. Eyelids are used to protect the eyes from dust and keep them moist; fish do not have these problems underwater, so there is no need for eyelids.Full Answer >
The 114 species of butterflyfish live along the reefs of tropical coastal waters throughout the world. During the day, they are spotted along coral and other rock structures in search or worms and other invertebrates, retiring to reef crevices at night.Full Answer >
According to Oceana, predators of the parrotfish include grouper fish, sharks and moray eels. Parrotfish are omnivores and generally feed on turf algae, sponges, corals and reef-encrusting animals.Full Answer >