Q:

When is a male dog ready to mate?

A:

Quick Answer

The minimum age at which a male dog can impregnate a female varies from 5 to 9 months. Because dogs do not reach social maturity until 2 years of age, they should not be bred before then.

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Full Answer

While male puppies will mount other puppies when no more than a few weeks old, a puppy cannot sire a litter until he begins producing sperm. Dogs from toy breeds usually reach this milestone faster than dogs from large breeds. Once he has become fertile, a dog will remain so throughout life, although sperm quality and quantity decline in old age. It is the breeder's responsibility to screen a dog for medical and behavioral problems before using it for breeding.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    At what age can a male dog breed?

    A:

    The average age a male dog begins to sexually mature is 6 months, but sexual maturity is greatly affected by the breed of the dog. Smaller dogs reach sexual maturity faster than larger breeds. Male dogs reach full sexual maturity by 12 to 15 months of age.

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  • Q:

    How old does a male dog need to be in order to breed?

    A:

    A male dog should be bred once he has reached his sexual maturity, which happens between 12 to 15 months of age, as stated by the American Kennel Club. Male dogs will often be able to produce offspring once they are 6 months old, but it is not recommended to breed them at this time.

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    How do I calm a male dog when a female is in heat?

    A:

    The only way to calm a male dog when he is in close proximity to an unaltered female in heat is to separate the animals so they cannot hear, see or smell one another. Many pet owners send the female to a veterinary hospital or boarding facility for the duration of her heat cycle.

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    What would make a good name for a male dog?

    A:

    A good name for a male dog is a matter of opinion. Many thousands of names might be considered good names for a male dog, but some popular examples include names of powerful men throughout history, tough animals and names that bring to mind masculine traits.

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