The male elephant is known as a bull, while the female elephant is called a cow. For the baby elephant, the appropriate term is a calf. A group of elephants is termed a herd or a parade.
Elephants are social creatures who live in groups. The elephant family is headed by a cow; the lead cow is the oldest female. Female elephants tend to spend their lives in the same family. Bulls can join the family, but they do not stay for life; they can mingle with different families. During times of strife, such as the dry season, elephant families join other groups to form a clan.Learn More
African elephants reach a maximum weight of 14,000 pounds, standing up to 13 feet high at the shoulder, while Asian elephants weigh up to 11,000 pounds and reach up to 10 feet in height. The two species are the heaviest land animals on Earth.Full Answer >
An elephant is pregnant for up to two years before giving birth, the longest gestation period of any mammal. Elephants are the largest living and largest-brained land animal in the world, and a long development is needed for elephants in the womb.Full Answer >
The average gestation period for an elephant is approximately 22 months. Just like with humans, this is not a hard and fast rule. One elephant was pregnant for a total of 700 days — just shy of 2 years — before giving birth.Full Answer >
The African elephant, or loxodont, is the largest living elephant species. Adult African elephants can stand more than 12 feet tall and can weigh over 14,000 pounds.Full Answer >