There are at least 33 known species of snakes found in the state of Kentucky. This includes four venomous species and 29 that are nonvenomous.Know More
The four venomous snakes include the copperhead, western cottonmouth, timber rattlesnake and western pygmy rattlesnake. All belong to the subfamily Crotalinae, known as the "pit vipers," and are distinguishable by visible sensory pits on the side of their heads that detect the heat of prey.
While the bites of these snakes are quite painful, they are rarely fatal to humans and only occur when the reptiles are threatened. Some of the common nonvenomous species native to the Bluegrass State include the brown, eastern garter, milk, rat, redbelly and ringneck snakes.Learn More
Snakes slither by using their scales as friction hooks to latch onto rough surfaces and propel themselves. They also shift their weight around, concentrating it in a way that allows them to move. Some snakes may have individual muscle control over their scales that allows them to move rapidly.Full Answer >
Not all snakes are venomous, but even nonvenomous snakes are subject to strike if they feel frightened or sense danger. An easy way to determine if a snake is poisonous is to look at its pupils; the pupils of poisonous snakes are elliptical, much like the eyes of a cat, while the pupils of a non-venomous snake are round.Full Answer >
Snakes are cold-blooded. They become cold if the temperature gets cold. Since snakes cannot maintain their own body temperature, they move to warmer climates to stay warm.Full Answer >
Snakes use a variety of techniques and adaptations to defend themselves, including camouflage or fleeing from predators, as well as bluffing, biting and envenoming animals that threaten them. Most snakes seek to remain undetected by threatening animals and flee upon detection. However, snakes that are unable to escape may engage in a variety of defensive displays or deliver possible life-threatening bites.Full Answer >