There are at least 33 known species of snakes found in the state of Kentucky. This includes four venomous species and 29 that are nonvenomous.
The four venomous snakes include the copperhead, western cottonmouth, timber rattlesnake and western pygmy rattlesnake. All belong to the subfamily Crotalinae, known as the "pit vipers," and are distinguishable by visible sensory pits on the side of their heads that detect the heat of prey.
While the bites of these snakes are quite painful, they are rarely fatal to humans and only occur when the reptiles are threatened. Some of the common nonvenomous species native to the Bluegrass State include the brown, eastern garter, milk, rat, redbelly and ringneck snakes.Learn More
Some adaptations snakes have made to having a long, limbless body are internal organs that are arranged very differently than those of other animals. For example, one lung is usually much larger than the other. In some snakes, the smaller lung barely functions.Full Answer >
Though there is no "garden" snake with that official common name, those snakes most commonly found in gardens are not venomous. Though they can and do bite, there is nothing toxic about it.Full Answer >
There are around 28 to 30 species of snakes commonly referred to as cobras. If any snake that has a hood and can raise its upper body is considered to be a cobra, then there may be as many as 270 species of cobra.Full Answer >
Garter snakes do bite people if provoked, but the bite is considered harmless, as they are non-venomous. The snakes have small teeth that can penetrate the skin and draw blood, but their mouths and teeth are usually too small to cause any serious injuries.Full Answer >