There are at least 260 known monkey species in the world. These mammals are divided into New World -those found in the Americas - and Old World families - those native to Africa and Asia.
Characteristic of New and Old World monkeys are opposable thumbs. Key differences between the New and Old World families are the inclusion of prehensile tails, found in the New World, and cheek pouches for food storage and rump pads, both found in the Old World.
The smallest species, the New World pygmy marmoset, weighs just 4 ounces, while the largest is the Old World mandrill, which tips the scale at 77 pounds, according to University of Wisconsin researchers.Learn More
Monkeys do eat bananas in the wild, but they are not the primary part of their diet. Bananas are native to Australia and South Asia, and monkey species living in the Americas or Africa had no access to them prior to human farming of the banana plant in those areas.Full Answer >
Woolly monkeys eat fruit, nuts, seeds, leaves, flowers, nectar, insects, small rodents and reptiles. These creatures are omnivores, so they eat a variety of plant-based and animal-based foods. When foraging, they will split into small groups to find food.Full Answer >
While there is no standard term for a baby monkey, it is usually referred to as an infant. Baby monkeys are helpless when they are born. In most species of monkey, the mother takes on the parenting duties when the infant is young.Full Answer >
Howler monkeys have few enemies, though young howler monkeys are vulnerable to the harpy eagle. The biggest threat to the howler monkey is humans. Local tribes hunt them for food, and they are often exported as pets.Full Answer >