There are at least 260 known monkey species in the world. These mammals are divided into New World -those found in the Americas - and Old World families - those native to Africa and Asia.
Characteristic of New and Old World monkeys are opposable thumbs. Key differences between the New and Old World families are the inclusion of prehensile tails, found in the New World, and cheek pouches for food storage and rump pads, both found in the Old World.
The smallest species, the New World pygmy marmoset, weighs just 4 ounces, while the largest is the Old World mandrill, which tips the scale at 77 pounds, according to University of Wisconsin researchers.Learn More
Hand-rearing a baby marmoset is an intensive process that requires constant attention. Mentally and physically prepare yourself for the process. Obtain all of the necessary ingredients and equipment before the baby arrives in order to ensure proper health and nutrition.Full Answer >
Squirrel monkeys primarily eat insects and fruit, but they occasionally supplement their diet with small vertebrates, nectar, flowers, buds and seeds. Squirrel monkeys prefer to go after stationary insects; grasshoppers and caterpillars are their favorite foods. Some of the small vertebrates they consume are birds and bats.Full Answer >
Spider monkeys are preyed upon by large cats, such as jaguars and pumas, large snakes and birds. There have only been a few instances where predation of a spider monkey has been directly observed, which suggests that spider monkeys are less susceptible to predation than other species of monkeys.Full Answer >
The gestation period for monkeys varies on the species. The rhesus monkey has a gestation period of 164 days, baboons have a gestation period of 187 days, and chimps have a gestation period of 237 day according to San Jose State University.Full Answer >