Q:

How many types of penguins are there?

A:

Quick Answer

There are 17 species of penguins found worldwide. From the Galapagos of the tropical Galapagos Islands to the emperor of Antarctica, penguins are found on every continent of the Southern Hemisphere.

Know More

Full Answer

The flightless birds spend as much as 75 percent of their time in the water, feeding mainly on fish, squid and krill close to the water surface. At just 16 inches and 2.2 pounds, the blue penguin is the smallest species, while the emperor may reach up to 3.7 feet tall and 60 to 90 pounds. The most common species is the Macaroni penguin, while the endangered Galapagos is the least found.

Learn More

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is a group of penguins called?

    A:

    The name for a group of penguins varies based on whether the penguins being described are on land or at sea. "Rookery," "waddle" or "colony" are all three terms that are used in reference to a group of penguins on land, while a group of penguins floating at sea is referred to as a "raft."

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do penguins survive?

    A:

    Penguins are specially adapted to survive and thrive in cold climates, thanks to features that keep them warm,  including a layer of fat and feathers, special adaptations in the nasal passages to recycle heat lost during breathing and huddling behaviors that allow them to enjoy heat from other penguins. The penguins' feet are covered in feathers and fat that ensure that they can stand on ice without their feet being affected by hypothermia.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do penguins reproduce?

    A:

    Penguins reproduce as most birds do, with internal fertilization that is accomplished by putting each penguin's cloacas together. The male sprays sperm into the female's cloaca where it can then travel inside and fertilize eggs.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How long can penguins stay underwater?

    A:

    According to information from the Antarctica government, the Emperor penguin is capable of a 22-minute underwater stay, up to a depth of 984 feet. The length of a typical stay is three to six minutes.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore