Q:

How many types of penguins are there?

A:

Quick Answer

There are 17 species of penguins found worldwide. From the Galapagos of the tropical Galapagos Islands to the emperor of Antarctica, penguins are found on every continent of the Southern Hemisphere.

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Full Answer

The flightless birds spend as much as 75 percent of their time in the water, feeding mainly on fish, squid and krill close to the water surface. At just 16 inches and 2.2 pounds, the blue penguin is the smallest species, while the emperor may reach up to 3.7 feet tall and 60 to 90 pounds. The most common species is the Macaroni penguin, while the endangered Galapagos is the least found.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where are penguins located?

    A:

    Penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere. Although they are popularly associated with Antarctica, they can also be found in Australia, New Zealand, Africa, South America, and virtually all of the islands located in the Southern Hemisphere.

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  • Q:

    How long can penguins stay underwater?

    A:

    According to information from the Antarctica government, the Emperor penguin is capable of a 22-minute underwater stay, up to a depth of 984 feet. The length of a typical stay is three to six minutes.

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  • Q:

    Do penguins migrate?

    A:

    Adult penguins migrate from breeding to feeding grounds. Some species of penguins travel long distances between rookeries and coastal feeding waters.

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  • Q:

    Do penguins hibernate?

    A:

    Penguins do not hibernate during the Antarctic winter; instead, they take advantage of the cold weather to feed and to reproduce. With their layer of blubber, insulating fur and oily coats, penguins are highly adapted to living even in the coldest months of the year.

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