There are 17 species of penguins found worldwide. From the Galapagos of the tropical Galapagos Islands to the emperor of Antarctica, penguins are found on every continent of the Southern Hemisphere.
The flightless birds spend as much as 75 percent of their time in the water, feeding mainly on fish, squid and krill close to the water surface. At just 16 inches and 2.2 pounds, the blue penguin is the smallest species, while the emperor may reach up to 3.7 feet tall and 60 to 90 pounds. The most common species is the Macaroni penguin, while the endangered Galapagos is the least found.Learn More
Penguins generally eat fish, squid and krill, though their diet depends on the species. Generally, penguins living close to the equator eat more fish, while penguins in arctic climates rely on squid and krill for sustenance.Full Answer >
Emperor penguins live on the continent of Antarctica, forming colonies on the massive pieces of ice. These penguins live along the coast of Antarctica, moving between the ice and the frigid waters.Full Answer >
According to information from the Antarctica government, the Emperor penguin is capable of a 22-minute underwater stay, up to a depth of 984 feet. The length of a typical stay is three to six minutes.Full Answer >
Contrary to popular belief, penguins do not live at the north pole or anywhere in the northern hemisphere, including Alaska. According to the Mother Nature Network, penguins live only in the southern hemisphere with large numbers of them living in Antarctica but not at the south pole itself.Full Answer >