Q:

How many types of penguins are there?

A:

There are 17 species of penguins found worldwide. From the Galapagos of the tropical Galapagos Islands to the emperor of Antarctica, penguins are found on every continent of the Southern Hemisphere.

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Full Answer

The flightless birds spend as much as 75 percent of their time in the water, feeding mainly on fish, squid and krill close to the water surface. At just 16 inches and 2.2 pounds, the blue penguin is the smallest species, while the emperor may reach up to 3.7 feet tall and 60 to 90 pounds. The most common species is the Macaroni penguin, while the endangered Galapagos is the least found.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Are penguins birds or mammals?

    A:

    Penguins are a family of flightless, aquatic birds. Distinguished by their typical black and white color scheme, a type of camouflage called "countershading," penguins spend as much as three-fourths of their lives in the ocean hunting for fish, krill and squid.

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  • Q:

    How do penguins move?

    A:

    Penguins move by shuffling their feet from side to side when on land and by using their flippers, tails and a bubble mechanism to swim in the water. The speed of the penguin in both walking and swimming will depend on the species of penguin as well as the size of the penguin.

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  • Q:

    Can penguins fly?

    A:

    Penguins cannot fly. They are expert swimmers, and use their forelimbs as flippers rather than for powered flight as in most other kinds of birds. There is a similar-looking group of birds known as the auks that are capable of flight, but they are not closely related to penguins.

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  • Q:

    Where can penguins be purchased?

    A:

    Because penguins are an endangered species, the U.S. (and many other countries) have strict laws regarding importation, sale and ownership. It's generally prohibited for private parties to own penguins.

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