As of 2009, there are 270 species of turtles, and more are being discovered. Turtles have been on the Earth for 230 million years and predate dinosaurs. Turtles have developed multiple habitats and live anywhere except the Arctic and Antarctic.Know More
The desert tortoise lives in hot, dry environments. The Malayan box turtle lives in hot, humid and aquatic environments. The Vietnamese wood turtle lives in wooded, cool limestone mountains. The diamondback terrapin lives in brackish water throughout the eastern and southern United States.
There are seven species of sea turtles, including the green, leatherback, loggerhead, hawksbill, Kemp's ridley, olive ridley and flatback sea turtles. All turtles have shells that they cannot remove. Shells are used as protection from weather and predators. The largest turtle is the leatherback sea turtle at 95 inches long, and the smallest turtle is the speckled cape padloper tortoise measuring 3 inches. Female sea turtles lay 50 to 200 eggs in nests on the beach and return to the sea. The eggs hatch under the sand, and the hatchlings crawl toward the sea. Only about 1 in 1,000 hatchlings will survive into adulthood. Other turtles create nests in similar ways and do not attend to their nests.Learn more about Turtles
Snapping turtles bite. They are bad-tempered and should only be handled by experts. The common snapper can grow to 18 inches long and weighs between 25 and 35 pounds. Its cousin, the alligator snapper, can be nearly 3 feet long and weighs up to 150 pounds.Full Answer >
Turtles breathe by taking oxygen into the lungs and releasing carbon dioxide when exhaling. Water turtles hold oxygen in their lungs for longer periods than other animals, allowing them to remain submerged completely for many hours without running out of air.Full Answer >
Turtle reproduction process begins a couple of weeks before the nesting season. Two or more males may court a female at the same time. They copulate in the water; a few weeks later, the female emerges onto a beach at night to lay and bury between 50 to 200 eggs in the sand. Females nest every two or three years and can lay up to nine clutches each season.Full Answer >
A group of turtles is called a "bale." Many people use the term "herd" to refer to a group of turtles. No matter what species, all turtles belong to the order Testudines.Full Answer >