According to National Geographic, the common octopus preys on crabs, crayfish and molluscs. Bottom-dwelling octopuses feed mainly on polychaete worms, crabs, whelks and clams. Open-ocean octopuses subsist on prawns, fish and other cephalopods. The giant Pacific octopus feeds on shrimp, clams, lobsters and fish, and even larger prey, such as sharks and birds.Know More
Octopuses hunt at night and usually inject their pray with a paralysing saliva before using their sharp beak to dismember them into small pieces. To access the meat of shelled creatures, octopuses sometimes drill a hole into the shell and inject a secretion through the hole before extracting the mollusc's soft body. Sometimes the shells can be pried open using force.
Octopuses are known for their intelligence and problem-solving skills, and it is believed they are the smartest of all invertebrates, according to About.com. They have unique defense mechanisms, with the most frequently used being their ability to hide with camouflage. This allows an octopus to match the colors, patterns and textures of its surroundings. Octopuses also have the ability to squirt a thick cloud of ink, and escape very quickly using jet-like propulsion. Because they have soft, boneless bodies, octopuses are able to manipulate themselves to fit into very small crevices and cracks.Learn more about Octopi
Most otters eat crayfish, crabs, fish, frogs and other aquatic invertebrates. The diet of otters varies, however, depends on the species, location of residence and availability of food sources. Small otters generally consume small mollusks, crayfish and crabs, while the largest species eat fish, frogs and even land mammals such as birds, rodents and rabbits.Full Answer >
Crustaceans like crabs, crayfish and lobsters eat seaweed, as do plankton and humans. No seaweed species is known to be poisonous.Full Answer >
Predators of the octopus include eels, dolphins and sharks, among others. Octopi have many means of deterring predators, including the ability to detach an arm if it is in a predator's grasp and ink glands to release clouds of black ink and block the view of attackers. An octopus can also deliver venomous saliva by biting its prey.Full Answer >
Upon hatching, a baby octopus is referred to as "larva." After making their way to the ocean's surface, the larvae remain there for one to three months. They are defenseless at this point, and many become food for predators.Full Answer >