Q:

What do octopuses eat?

A:

Quick Answer

According to National Geographic, the common octopus preys on crabs, crayfish and molluscs. Bottom-dwelling octopuses feed mainly on polychaete worms, crabs, whelks and clams. Open-ocean octopuses subsist on prawns, fish and other cephalopods. The giant Pacific octopus feeds on shrimp, clams, lobsters and fish, and even larger prey, such as sharks and birds.

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What do octopuses eat?
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Full Answer

Octopuses hunt at night and usually inject their pray with a paralysing saliva before using their sharp beak to dismember them into small pieces. To access the meat of shelled creatures, octopuses sometimes drill a hole into the shell and inject a secretion through the hole before extracting the mollusc's soft body. Sometimes the shells can be pried open using force.

Octopuses are known for their intelligence and problem-solving skills, and it is believed they are the smartest of all invertebrates, according to About.com. They have unique defense mechanisms, with the most frequently used being their ability to hide with camouflage. This allows an octopus to match the colors, patterns and textures of its surroundings. Octopuses also have the ability to squirt a thick cloud of ink, and escape very quickly using jet-like propulsion. Because they have soft, boneless bodies, octopuses are able to manipulate themselves to fit into very small crevices and cracks.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the average size of an octopus?

    A:

    Octopuses vary in size according to species, but the common octopus grows between 12 and 36 inches in length and weighs up to 22 pounds. The giant Pacific octopus is the largest of member of the octopus family and can weigh more than 150 pounds.

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  • Q:

    What is an Octopus' phylum?

    A:

    The octopus belongs to the phylum Mollusca in the Animalia kingdom. The phylum contains a large number of aquatic life forms in addition to the octopus, such as squid, mussels and oysters.

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  • Q:

    What eats the dumbo octopus?

    A:

    Sharks, killer whales and tuna are the main eaters of the dumbo octopus. Since it spends much of its life at depths ranging from 1,300 feet to more than 20,000 feet, the octopus does not have many predators.

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  • Q:

    Where is an octopus's mouth?

    A:

    The mouth of an octopus is located on the lower side of its head. The mouth is shaped like a beak and conceals a toothed tongue called a radula, which is used for scraping and shearing food. The bite of an octopus can be dangerous due to its venomous saliva.

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