According to National Geographic, the common octopus preys on crabs, crayfish and molluscs. Bottom-dwelling octopuses feed mainly on polychaete worms, crabs, whelks and clams. Open-ocean octopuses subsist on prawns, fish and other cephalopods. The giant Pacific octopus feeds on shrimp, clams, lobsters and fish, and even larger prey, such as sharks and birds.Know More
Octopuses hunt at night and usually inject their pray with a paralysing saliva before using their sharp beak to dismember them into small pieces. To access the meat of shelled creatures, octopuses sometimes drill a hole into the shell and inject a secretion through the hole before extracting the mollusc's soft body. Sometimes the shells can be pried open using force.
Octopuses are known for their intelligence and problem-solving skills, and it is believed they are the smartest of all invertebrates, according to About.com. They have unique defense mechanisms, with the most frequently used being their ability to hide with camouflage. This allows an octopus to match the colors, patterns and textures of its surroundings. Octopuses also have the ability to squirt a thick cloud of ink, and escape very quickly using jet-like propulsion. Because they have soft, boneless bodies, octopuses are able to manipulate themselves to fit into very small crevices and cracks.Learn more about Octopi
Crabs usually eat algae. Crabs are omnivorous, meaning that they will eat both plants and other animals for sustenance.Full Answer >
An octopus has two eyes, which have a very similar structure to human eyes. An octopus' eye contains a retina, cornea, iris and lens, which provide the octopus with excellent vision, especially for an invertebrate.Full Answer >
A live octopus can be bought both in aquarium stores and ordered online to be delivered through the mail. Depending on whether you are hobbyist or a scientist, you can buy an octopus from various suppliers. Certain sellers only carry certain species of octopus, as well.Full Answer >
Some enemies of the octopus include eels, sharks, halibut, ling cod and dolphins. The octopus uses camouflage to protect itself from predators, which allows it to hide in plain sight. It also releases a cloud of black smoke to cover its escape if it is attacked by an enemy.Full Answer >