Of the seven species of sea turtles found throughout the world, five are located in the Philippines. There, they are known as pawikans, and their diet is comprised of plants, corals, jellyfish and sponges. Hatchling pawikans eat a wider variety of foods, including larval crabs, fish eggs and seaweed.
The pawikans are a group of sea turtles that includes the green sea turtle, the hawksbill sea turtle, the loggerhead sea turtle, the olive ridley sea turtle and the leatherback sea turtle.
The jaws and mouth of each species of sea turtle have slight differences in shape according to food preferences. Loggerheads, for example, have large, strong jaws that enable them to prey upon conches and other hard-shelled crustaceans. The jaws of the leatherback contain sharp cusps that it uses to spear and hold jellyfish.Learn More
Sea turtles are agile swimmers that move through the water using four flippers that function like rowing oars. On land, female sea turtles use their flippers to pull themselves across beach sand and dirt to dig nests for their eggs.Full Answer >
As of 2014, the oldest sea turtle is said to be 400 years old. It is in captivity in the Guangzhou Aquarium in China and weighs 300 kilograms. It is not possible, however, to determine the age of the oldest sea turtle in the wild.Full Answer >
Both tortoises and turtles are able to flip themselves over from a supine position. Adaptations such as tall, uneven shells assist in creating an imbalance that allows the turtle or tortoise to roll back to its feet.Full Answer >
Wild turtles can be fed plants, fruits, insects or fish. Depending on what food sources were available to them in their wild habitats, some turtles may not be adapted to eating all of these foods.Full Answer >