Contrary to popular belief, penguins do not live at the north pole or anywhere in the northern hemisphere, including Alaska. According to the Mother Nature Network, penguins live only in the southern hemisphere with large numbers of them living in Antarctica but not at the south pole itself.
Penguins prefer to live in more temperate climates such as Argentina and Australia. As you travel further south, you find the largest species of penguins, including the Emperor penguin. Australia and New Zealand are where you will find the smallest penguins, which feature a slate blue color. Penguins choose to live in the southern hemisphere because they are unable to fly to the northern hemisphere, and the waters leading to the north are too warm for these creatures to survive.