Penguins do not live at the North Pole and never have. They populate only the waters and coastal areas of the Southern Hemisphere, particularly Antarctica.
Although penguins are largely associated with Antarctica, they can also be found on the southern shores of South America, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia. As aquatic birds, they never venture far from the shore. Most penguin species are migratory and go back and forth from Antarctica to the southern tips of other continents, raising their young on sea ice and on coastal lands until the young birds are old enough to swim.
The 16 separate types of penguins living on the planet have a wide size range. With an average height of 13 inches, the Little, or Fairy Penguin, is the smallest, and Emperor Penguins are the largest with an average height of 45 inches.Learn More
All known species of penguins live naturally in the southern hemisphere of the world. They actually occupy habitats which are located on each of the five continents within the southern hemisphere.Full Answer >
Despite the harsh conditions of living in Antarctica, an emperor penguin can generally live for up to 20 years. Recent observations note that some individuals can even live upwards of 50 years.Full Answer >
Adélie penguins are one of five types of penguin that live on the continent of Antarctica. They live exclusively along the coast of the continent and are one of the most southerly distributed of all seabirds.Full Answer >
King penguins live on islands surrounding Antarctica, including the Falklands, Prince Edward, South Georgia, South Sandwich, Crozet, Heard, Macquarie and Kerguelen. Though some live as far south as the coast of Antarctica, no colonies have been found inside the Antarctic Circle.Full Answer >