Penguins do not live at the North Pole and never have. They populate only the waters and coastal areas of the Southern Hemisphere, particularly Antarctica.
Although penguins are largely associated with Antarctica, they can also be found on the southern shores of South America, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia. As aquatic birds, they never venture far from the shore. Most penguin species are migratory and go back and forth from Antarctica to the southern tips of other continents, raising their young on sea ice and on coastal lands until the young birds are old enough to swim.
The 16 separate types of penguins living on the planet have a wide size range. With an average height of 13 inches, the Little, or Fairy Penguin, is the smallest, and Emperor Penguins are the largest with an average height of 45 inches.Learn More
Emperor penguins, the largest species of penguins, weigh between 60 and 90 pounds. The smallest species of penguins, Little Blue penguins, weigh between 2 and 5 pounds. There are 17 different species of penguins in the world.Full Answer >
According to Encyclopedia Britannica, emperor penguins are preyed upon by killer whales, leopard seals and giant fulmars. A native of Antarctica, the emperor penguin is the largest species of penguin in the world, approaching 50 inches in length and 55 to 100 pounds in weight.Full Answer >
There are many herbivores living in the tundra, including caribou, musk-oxen, Arctic hares, reindeer, lemmings and porcupines. The lemming is the smallest mammal in the tundra, weighing only between 2 and 4 ounces.Full Answer >
The rockhopper penguin is characterized by the crest located on the top of its head that has spiky black and yellow feathers. It also has unique, bright red eyes and pink feet. This variety is the smallest of all penguins, reaching only 22 inches in height and weighing between 4 and 6 pounds. It lives in the Indian Ocean and the southern Atlantic Ocean on rocky islands.Full Answer >