Q:

How do penguins move?

A:

Quick Answer

Penguins move by shuffling their feet from side to side when on land and by using their flippers, tails and a bubble mechanism to swim in the water. The speed of the penguin in both walking and swimming will depend on the species of penguin as well as the size of the penguin.

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Full Answer

Penguins often move slowly because they like to huddle together in large groups to keep warm. As many as a few thousand penguins will gather together to generate warmth. The penguins stand next to one another touching at the back, the front and the sides with the exception of those on the outer edges of the group.

When the group wants to move, a few penguins will begin to take steps in the direction that they want to go and the rest of the penguins will react almost immediately. The penguins will move a few inches at a time in order to stay connected and not lose trapped heat, reports the Daily Mail.

In 2012, scientists discovered that the reason why emperor penguins are able to swim so quickly through the ocean is not only because of the feathers on their flippers but also because of bubbles. The penguins use bubbles to coat their body as they swim through the water. This coating of bubbles makes the penguins more slippery and they are able to slide through the water at top speeds of 12 to 77 feet per second, according to the NY Daily News.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How big are penguins?

    A:

    Adult emperor penguins, the largest penguin species, stand at an average of 45 inches in height and weigh 88 pounds. These flightless birds are exclusive to the Antarctic ice and surrounding waters.

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  • Q:

    How large are penguins?

    A:

    Penguin sizes range from the largest penguin species, which can be as tall as 45 inches and weigh as much as 60 to 90 pounds, to the smallest penguin, which only reaches 12 inches in height and weighs 2 to 3 pounds. There are varying species in between at differing heights and weights.

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  • Q:

    Why can't penguins fly?

    A:

    Penguins cannot fly because their stubby wings cannot support their bodies in flight. Scientists believe that penguins stopped flying when they became great swimmers, and their wings cannot be efficient at both things because swimming and flying require two different processes.

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  • Q:

    What do penguins eat?

    A:

    Penguins generally eat fish, squid and krill, though their diet depends on the species. Generally, penguins living close to the equator eat more fish, while penguins in arctic climates rely on squid and krill for sustenance.

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