Q:

What do prawns eat?

A:

Quick Answer

Prawns are omnivorous, and in the wild they eat a variety of food, including plankton, carrion and other microorganisms. Their diet also consists of detritus, or fragments of decaying organic matter, small shellfish and worms.

  Know More
What do prawns eat?
Credit: Borut Furlan WaterFrame Getty Images

Full Answer

Prawns are crustaceans and have a diet similar to that of other crustaceans. Newly born prawns eat modestly and often feed on plankton that live near the surface of the water. They also eat small marine plants and can eat seaweed, as long as it's small enough for them to eat. Prawns grow quickly after their first year, and this is when they can swim to search for a variety of food. As natural scavengers, they aren't picky eaters and consume almost anything that's small enough to eat, including mud, sand, dead fish and crabs. Prawns are among the rare type of animals that prey on their own kind to survive, especially if there's a scarcity of food in their natural habitat.

King prawns are sensitive to light and only hunt at night. Tiger prawns are active day and night. Both prawns are highly popular as a seafood delicacy and are often farmed in ponds near the sea. Cold-water prawns are deepwater crustaceans and don't eat mud and sand, which is why they have clearer veins than the warm-water king and tiger prawns.

Learn more about Marine Life

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are some facts about plankton?

    A:

    Plankton consist of very tiny organisms located in marine and freshwater environments, according to the Encyclopedia of the Earth. The three very broad essential types of plankton are phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacterioplankton. These organisms frequently represent the bottom of the food chain in aquatic environments and are key to maintaining ecological balance.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are examples of plankton?

    A:

    There are two primary examples of plankton: zooplankton and phytoplankton. Both of these plankton types are marine plankton, and they are found in the ocean.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How long do plankton live?

    A:

    Most animal plankton (zooplankton) and plant plankton (phytoplankton) live several months, but some species may live for more than a year. However, there are thousands of species of plankton, making it impossible to pinpoint a specific average life span that can apply to all plankton species.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Is plankton a producer or decomposer?

    A:

    Plankton can be producers, consumers or recyclers, depending on which trophic level they belong to. All plankton are classified as one of three types: phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacterioplankton.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore