Q:

What is the scientific classification of the grasshopper?

A:

Quick Answer

The grasshopper belongs to the order Orthoptera and the suborder Caelifera. The suborder Caelifera separates grasshoppers from the katydid and cricket.

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Full Answer

The classification of the grasshopper begins with the domain Eukarya encompassing all eukaryotic cells. Animalia is the kingdom with the taxon being multicellular, eukaryotic and heterotropic. Grasshoppers are then divided into phylum Arthropoda, meaning "joint foot." Arthropods are invertebrates with segmented bodies, exoskeletons, jointed appendages and bilateral symmetry. Arthropods evolved in the Cambrian period 500 to 600 million years ago.

Grasshoppers are organized into the class Insecta from the Latin "cut into pieces." As such, all insects have three main body parts, namely the head, thorax and abdomen. Taxons under Insecta also have a pair of antennae, compound eyes, two pairs of wings, three pairs of legs, complex mouth parts and take part in metamorphosis.

Orthoptera is the order with the Latin root meaning "straight wing." The order evolved more than 300 million years ago with enlarged hind legs, mandibulate mouthparts and large compound eyes. Grasshoppers are then placed in the suborder Caelifera with specific characteristics such as the length of antennae and ovipositors, as well as feeding habits and location of the auditory organs, distinguishing the suborder from the katydid and cricket.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Is a grasshopper a consumer?

    A:

    Grasshoppers are consumers because they are animals. All animals are consumers because they have to eat producers or other consumers. In contrast, plants are producers because they create their own food with the aid of the sun.

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  • Q:

    How high can a grasshopper jump?

    A:

    The height a grasshopper jumps has been calculated at 20 times its length in a broad jump or 10 times its length in a high jump. If a person could jump the same ratio, he could clear buildings with ease.

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  • Q:

    What are grasshopper adaptations?

    A:

    Grasshoppers rarely stay put for long; thanks to their large wings and powerful hind legs, they can escape the grasp of predators and travel great distances in short periods of time. Grasshoppers have some of the strongest legs of all insects in the world, which come in handy when they need to move quickly. They also have large wings that facilitate travel and long, sensitive antennae that help them seek out food and navigate through various environments.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between a grasshopper and a cricket?

    A:

    The major difference between a grasshopper and a cricket is their antennae. Grasshoppers have short antennae, whereas crickets have long ones. Additionally, grasshoppers stridulate (i.e. sing or chirp) by rubbing their hind legs with the wings. Crickets make chirping sounds by rubbing their wings together.

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