Domestic cows are a species called Bos taurus, from the Bovidae family and the Bovinae subfamily. They are common all over the world, in places with suitable areas for grazing. They are large animals, with a weight between 147 and 1363 kilograms, and a height between 49 and 52 inches.
Cows live in social groups called herds, led by a dominant male who also has exclusive rights to mating. Males tend to be larger than females, especially in the head and neck area. Both males and females may have horns, which are hollow in the middle. Cows mate year-round and their gestation period is nine months.Learn More
Adult size for cows can vary significantly due to breed and sex, although large breeds can weigh 1,400 pounds or more. Smaller breeds weigh between 600 and 1,000 pounds. Bulls can grow over 3,000 pounds in rare occasions.Full Answer >
A heifer is a mature female cow that has not calved, or given birth to a calf, yet. As soon as a heifer gives birth, she becomes a cow. A cow refers to a female of any age that has given birth.Full Answer >
Although cattle are often collectively referred to as cows, the word cow specifically refers to females of the cattle species that have given birth to at least one calf. Young female cattle that have not yet given birth to a calf are referred to as heifers.Full Answer >
A male cow is called a steer if it has been castrated and is called a bull if it is still able to reproduce. Due to the loss of their testicles, steers often exhibit physical differences from bulls, including less muscle around the neck.Full Answer >