The scientific name for the white-tailed deer is Odocoileus virginianus. The deer is classified under the phylum Chordata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Cervidae and genus Odocoileinae.
With the exception of the Southwest, Hawaii and Alaska, the white-tailed deer ranges throughout the United States and into southern Canada. Most deer range within a square mile of home, and they live very solitary lives as adults, although the female and her fawns live in a family group.
The female of the species is known as a doe, while the male is a buck. Most bucks are described by the number of points on their racks. For instance, a buck with 10 points would be known as a 10-point buck.