Generally speaking, elephants are broadly classified as either Loxodonta africana, if African, or Elephas maximus, if Asian. However, genetic research has found that subspecies exist in both groups and the scientific, or taxonomic, name is therefore not so simple to discern.Know More
African elephants are labeled differently, depending on whether they inhabit the savannas of east and South Africa, in which case they are named Loxodonta africana africana, or the forests of central and western Africa (in which case they are Loxodonta africana cyclotis).
Asian elephants, meanwhile, are classified as Elephas maximus maximus if from Sri Lanka, Elephas maximus indicus if from the mainland, Elephas maximus borneensis if from Borneo and Elephas maximus samatranus if from Sumatra.Learn more about Elephants
An elephant is pregnant for up to two years before giving birth, the longest gestation period of any mammal. Elephants are the largest living and largest-brained land animal in the world, and a long development is needed for elephants in the womb.Full Answer >
The average gestation period for an elephant is approximately 22 months. Just like with humans, this is not a hard and fast rule. One elephant was pregnant for a total of 700 days — just shy of 2 years — before giving birth.Full Answer >
A baby elephant is called a calf. It weighs about 220 pounds at birth.Full Answer >
George Orwell's "Shooting an Elephant" features the ironic theme that, as Orwell writes, "when the white man turns tyrant, it is his own freedom that he destroys." This is situational irony, which occurs when an action has unintended consequences that are the opposite of what was expected or desired.Full Answer >