The genus Gorilla is divided into two species: eastern gorillas and western gorillas. The scientific name of eastern gorillas is Gorilla beringei, and the scientific name of western gorillas is Gorilla gorilla.
Subspecies of the western gorilla include the western lowland gorilla and the Cross River gorilla, while subspecies of the eastern gorilla include the eastern lowland gorilla and the mountain gorilla. Gorillas share 98.3 percent of their genetic code with humans, making them the third-closest cousin to humans after chimpanzees and bonobos. First described in 1847, the name gorilla was derived from the Greek term meaning "tribe of hairy women."Learn More
Although the gorilla is more than capable of defending itself with its incredible physical strength and powerful jaws, recorded cases of leopard predation of gorillas exist. Leopards are arboreal animals and well-adapted to hunting primates, utilizing stealth and ambush techniques to overpower an unsuspecting primate before delivering a fatal bite.Full Answer >
Gorillas have both physical adaptations, such as their teeth and fur, and behavioral adaptations. On cold days, gorillas stay near their sleeping areas and huddle with each other for warmth.Full Answer >
The gorilla lady was Dian Fossey, a scientist and conservationist who spent a large part of her life studying mountain gorillas. Starting in 1963, she spent the next 18 years studying gorillas, visiting and staying in Africa regularly between periods of teaching.Full Answer >
A baby gorilla is called an infant, just like a human newborn. When gorillas are born, they weigh about 4 1/2 pounds. They develop quickly and are walking within six months.Full Answer >