According to Pet Poison Helpline, identifying the type of poison the animal ingested is essential to appropriate treatment. If the ingredients are not clearly visible on the label, the EPA registration number, which appears as EPA Reg. No. on the label, identifies the product. The veterinarian or local poison control number should be called.
Mouse and rat poisons contain a number of types of poison, Pet Poison Helpline explains. The most common are long-acting anticoagulants, which cause bleeding. The antidote for this type of poison is Vitamin K. Another increasingly common kind of mouse poison is cholecalciferol, or Vitamin D3. This is an extremely dangerous poison that causes kidney failure, even if the dog ingests only a small amount. Pet Poison Helpline advises that treatment includes intravenous fluids and medicines to remove calcium from the dog's body. The vet may follow the animal's calcium levels and kidney function for several weeks.
Bromethalin is a type of poison that causes swelling in the brain. Symptoms of bromethalin poisoning include tremors, seizures and paralysis. Treatment usually involves hospitalization for several days, intravenous fluids and medicines to control brain swelling. According to Pet Poison Helpline, this type of poison is more toxic to cats than to dogs.
The final category of mouse poison is zinc and aluminum phosphides.This type of poison produces phosphine gas, which is toxic when inhaled. Food increases the action of the poison, so it is extremely important to avoid feeding the animal until the veterinarian treats the dog. Pet Poison Helpline advises against inducing vomiting at home because the dog's vomit also is likely to emit phosphine gas.Learn More
The owner of a dog that eats a tampon should induce vomiting, according to Petplace.com. Call a veterinarian, who may recommend trying to induce vomiting at home with hydrogen peroxide or coming in to the clinic for the procedure.Full Answer >
A dog can become infected with Clostridium difficile bacteria after taking antibiotics or immunosuppressants. The infection causes inflammation of the large bowel and can cause damage to the colon.Full Answer >
Total blindness in kittens can be detected by watching the kitten closely for unusual behavior, such as reluctance to move from one spot to another or bumping into objects. Sometimes discolored or cloudy-looking eyes, or eyes that appear inflamed and teary, are a sign of blindness.Full Answer >
Hypothyroidism (underactivity of the thyroid gland) is diagnosed through blood tests when cats show symptoms such as unexplained weight gain, lethargy or lack of desire to play and excessive thirst. Vetinfo supplies a list of other signs, such as dryness and dandruff in the cat's coat, lowered body temperature, constipation and lack of appetite.Full Answer >