Softshell turtles are mostly carnivorous and commonly consume insects, molluscs, fish, crustaceans and amphibians, although a few species also eat plants or algae. They catch their food without the benefit of the sharp beak most turtles use, as they have fleshy lips covering their toothless jaws. Softshell turtles are, in turn, preyed upon by a wide variety of animals, particularly as eggs or juveniles.Know More
Softshell turtles are named for their leathery shells, which lack the normal keratin scutes that harden the shells of other groups of turtles. Their bone structure in support of the shells is also much reduced, and their ribs, normally bonded to the shell throughout their length, have free ends. Most of the toughness of the shell comes simply from thickened skin, and these turtles are much more vulnerable to incidental injury than others. Despite their reduced shells, they still have some ability to withdraw their limbs, and some even have flaps of skin that cover their rear legs while withdrawn.
Softshell turtles are highly aquatic species and spend most of their time underwater. They have elongated snouts that allow them to breathe air with minimal exposure, and they also have the capacity to perform gas exchange through their skin as amphibians do.Learn more about Turtles
Eastern box turtles have a wide and varied diet, consisting of insects, plants and fungi. This varied diet and tough digestive constitution allows box turtles to survive even when their favorite food sources are not available, helping to make the species successful despite its slow sexual maturity and low number of offspring.Full Answer >
Wild turtles eat shrimp, worms, water plants, frogs and fish, but the specific diet varies depending on the species. Some species of turtles are carnivores and eat only meat, and some eat only vegetation, but the majority of turtles are omnivores and eat both plants and other animals.Full Answer >
Green sea turtles are the only sea turtles that are herbivorous in adulthood. Young green sea turtles are mainly carnivorous and eat invertebrates such as sponges, jellyfish and crabs. However, they gradually shift to an entirely vegetarian diet as they exit their juvenile stage. The jaws of green sea turtles are finely serrated, an adaptation fit for their diet of sea grasses and algae.Full Answer >
Alligators, crocodiles and big cats all eat turtles. In addition to alligators, freshwater and tropical turtles must be on the lookout for jaguars, large lizards and caimans, which crunch right through a turtle's shell.Full Answer >